Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 62

the .50 has become the nation’s favorite caliber, and one I would recommend for all hunters new to this sport. Can sabotted-bullets work for older flintlocks? The answer is yes, maybe, and no. Remember, at distances less than 50 yards any kind of bullet will work. It is at longer distances that gravity and air resistance begin to play tricks with accuracy. The main consideration, however, for shooting long slugs of lead or copper, regardless of whether they are sheathed in plastic or not, is rotation. As mentioned, most flintlocks have barrel rifling with twist rates of one turn in 48 inches or slower. This is great bullet rotation for roundballs shot with velocities exceeding 1,600 feet per second, not longer bullets. Because most sabotted bullets weigh more than their counterpart roundballs of the same caliber, they will not achieve the higher velocities in these older guns unless the powder charges are increased dramatically. This probably isn’t a safe idea. Lead Slugs Big bore slugs are slower and heavier than roundballs. This will have a profound effect on sighting in if you are used to shooting roundballs. If 80 grains of 2Fg black powder shoved the roundball down the barrel at 1,800 feet per second, the 300-plus grains of a lead slug will reduce the velocity by 300 feet per second. This translates into a lower point of target impact. In other words the rifle will have to be sighted in again. Second, slugs will carry more foot pounds of ballistic energy than their sphere-shaped counterparts. They also will carry more energy farther downrange (even past the self-limiting 100-yard mark that flintlockers self impose) than roundballs. While they laminate the bore with lead, this can be managed with a good leadremoving bore solvent. The bottom line is that they do have the ability to carry energy more efficiently downrange.
62

Third, slugs penetrate better than roundballs because they have greater sectional density. This is a result of their greater weight in relationship to their diameter, which allows the slugs to retain their velocity better than roundballs. Their ballistic coefficient is higher because of the ratio between their sectional density and their shape. In other words, their pointed noses are aerodynamically more slippery. Velocities for slugs are much slower than roundballs at the muzzle, and they, too, will shed almost one third of their velocity at the 100-yard mark, but their retained energy is better due to their greater mass. Unfortunately, your shoulder will tell you that you launched a missile heavier than a roundball. More care must be taken to seat the lead slug on the powder, as well as checking its position from time to time. Lead slugs have a tendency to jar loose from their seated position. If airspace develops, an accident could occur. Detonation is a phenomenon that occurs when powder burns, is pushed forward from the breech into the airspace created by the slug that has slid forward of the powder, and then the powder detonates at the base of the projectile. Higher than normal pressures occur, swelling out a good steel barrel into a “walnut,” which will never allow the barrel to be used safely and accurately again. A worst case scenario is a weakened, flawed or ancient iron barrel that bursts, bringing possible harm to the shooter. Sabot Bullets In the 1990s, Del Ramsay of Arkansas introduced a radically new idea. He began placing jacketed pistol bullets into a larger shoe (sabot is a French word for shoe or sheath) of plastic. Sabots are found in many different styles. Thompson/Center BreakO-Way sabots spit into two pieces releasing the bullet, while most others open up their petals, slits that run longitudinally, to allow the bullet’s release. Names such as Hornady XTP, S.H.O.T.S., MML Sabots, Swift AGAME NEWS



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013

Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013
Contents
PGC 2011-12 Annual Report
Late Season Grouse
Then and Now
Field Notes
Conservation News
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Fun Game
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - PGC 2011-12 Annual Report
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Late Season Grouse
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Then and Now
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Fun Game
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - A
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - B
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - January 2013 - Cover4
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