Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 60

THE BASICS of lead bullet casting involve
heat, a crucible of some sort, a mold, lead
and a way to transfer the molten metal into
the top of the mold. Extreme care must be
taken when handling lead.

blood tested for lead contamination.
Their results come in at around five
micrograms, compared to the average
city dweller’s range of 8-11 micrograms.
The Federal U.S. Standard established by OSHA lists 40 micrograms
per 100 grams of blood as the danger
point where monitoring is necessary.
Fifty micrograms is the benchmark requiring workers to no longer be exposed
to any lead substances. One source
reported that lead poisoning caused by
casting bullets is very uncommon; the
real problem is dust exposure.
Ventilation is vital to a safe environment where lead is present. Regardless
of whether you are casting lead bullets,
or shooting them at an indoor range,
exhaust fans that carry any possible
lead vaporization away are necessary.
The greatest source of particulate ingestion occurs from the “dross” which
is scooped off the surface of the molten
lead. Dross is a layer of solid particles,
sometimes alloys of tin, antimony and
even zinc. These particles are toxic
when inhaled, but the lead oxide that
is also in the mix, is of concern. A good
safety precaution is to skim the dross
and place it in a metal container that
has a lid. This effectively reduces this
safety hazard.
While it may be convenient to cast
60	

lead in the basement, this may not be
the best location. Because of the dangerous level of heat and possible vapor
contamination, it is advisable to do
the casting outdoors under a protective canopy.
Why do you need overhead protection? In a word: water. When
water from precipitation or from an
accidental spill (from a container like
a coffee cup) contacts molten lead,
there is an instantaneous explosion of
steam. Water expands 1,600 times its
volume when it changes from liquid to
gas (steam) The burst of steam energy
carries with it molten missiles of lead.
This can be very dangerous.
But what about ingestion? Aren’t
there constant media reports about kids
having high lead levels in their blood
just from being around lead-based
paint? Yes, but that is because these
same juveniles are eating the leadbased paint chips that they pick off
the flaking paint jobs in older houses/
apartments.
Hunters don’t eat lead bullets, they
shoot them. But, if a bullet caster
handles scores of lead bullets, once
they are cooled, their ungloved hands
can become contaminated with lead.
To be safe, it would be wise (and a
common sense procedure) to wash your
hands before touching and consuming
finger-food. This eliminates the ingestion concern.
The next concern of hunters is one
of efficiency. Aren’t sabots with their
pure copper or copper jacketed lead
bullets more efficient missiles for high
GAME	 NEWS



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013

Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013
Contents
Another Doorstep
Whitetail Predation
Pymatuning and Conneaut
Grinnin’ a Gobbler
Want to Be a Successful Turkey Hunter?
One for Officer Grove
Pennsylvania Otters — A Success Story
Kestrel Numbers Climb at SGL 205
From the Field
Field Notes
Conservation News
Making a Difference
What Should I Be Doing This Month?
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Another Doorstep
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Whitetail Predation
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pymatuning and Conneaut
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Grinnin’ a Gobbler
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Want to Be a Successful Turkey Hunter?
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - One for Officer Grove
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pennsylvania Otters — A Success Story
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Kestrel Numbers Climb at SGL 205
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - From the Field
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Making a Difference
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - What Should I Be Doing This Month?
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover4
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