Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 63

Step three is to set the mold on top of
the furnace to bring its temperature
close to that of the melting lead. This
allows lead to flow freely inside the
mold that is particularly important
when you are casting Minie, maxi and
conoidal bullets with their irregular
grooves and air vents inside the mold.
Begin the casting process by stirring
the lead with the dipper/ladle inside
the pot. Use a flux to mix the tin or
antimony back into the lead alloy.
Be sure to scrape across the bottom
of the pot to knock loose any dirt or
lead oxides that will then float on the
surface. Skim off any dross and discard
it properly in the lidded can. Now the
lead should appear as shiny as a mirror
and ready to pour into the mold. Plan
on recycling the first dozen bullets, as
they will probably have wrinkles and
voids. This is normal as the interior
of the mold has not yet reached the
critical temperature for perfect bullets.
Also, wrinkled bullets are a good indication that the lead in the production
pot is not yet high enough for optimum
casting.
After watching the excess lead
(sprue) atop the mold freeze back into
a solid form, you will notice a dimple
form as lead is contracted into the

mold. Count to three before cutting off
the sprue and dumping the bullet onto
a soft non-flammable surface (leather,
cotton and linen cloth, but definitely
not synthetic fabrics that melt and stick
to the bullet. As the mold heats up the
cavity diameter can grow as much as
0.003-inch. This is another reason for
being patient with your bullet production. If you spot a frosty-looking surface
on the bullet, the temperature of the
lead may be too high. This is due to
a metallurgical change at the cooler
surface of the bullet.
Be sure to flux and stir the pot every
two to three minutes, and skim off the
dross as it appears. If you add lead to
the pot from discarded bullets or a new
ingot, you will need to wait another 15
minutes to wait for the molten lead to
get back to casting temperature. This is
where an accurate casting thermometer
really pays big dividends.
Casting bullets is a great way to
spend some time sharing your sport
with others. When done in a safe and
protective environment that is well
ventilated, it will produce hours of
enjoyment. Casting or “running lead”
will produce hours of fun for you and a
new hunter. It provides time for hunting stories, planning new adventures,
and is an inexpensive way to shoot your
favorite muzzleloader. 

It’s the Law:
Q: If you shoot a deer in Pennsylvania do you have to drag the
whole animal out of the woods, or can you quarter it to pack out?
A: Quartering a deer in the woods is a legal activity. Hunters must keep the
animal’s head intact, with a tag attached, and pack it out; that’s for identification purposes. If a hunter had a deer carcass without the head, wildlife
conservation officers would have no way to tell whether a buck had the minimum
number of antler points.
APRIL  2013 

63



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013

Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013
Contents
Another Doorstep
Whitetail Predation
Pymatuning and Conneaut
Grinnin’ a Gobbler
Want to Be a Successful Turkey Hunter?
One for Officer Grove
Pennsylvania Otters — A Success Story
Kestrel Numbers Climb at SGL 205
From the Field
Field Notes
Conservation News
Making a Difference
What Should I Be Doing This Month?
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Another Doorstep
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Whitetail Predation
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pymatuning and Conneaut
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Grinnin’ a Gobbler
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Want to Be a Successful Turkey Hunter?
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - One for Officer Grove
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pennsylvania Otters — A Success Story
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Kestrel Numbers Climb at SGL 205
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - From the Field
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Making a Difference
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - What Should I Be Doing This Month?
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover4
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