Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 9

the value of the swamp as a storm-water
run-off storage basin and its calming
influence on the flow of the Shenango
River are believed to have influenced
the decision to maintain the status quo.
In 1911 the General Assembly appropriated $10,000 to the state’s then
Water Supply Commission to examine
the feasibility of converting Pymatuning into a reservoir. Two years later, a
report from the Commission suggested
it was possible and beneficial to nearby
communities and Pennsylvania. The
“Pymatuning Dam Act” of 1913 appropriated $100,000 to erect a dam at the
outlet of Pymatuning Swamp. Progress
was slowed by a stipulation that construction could not begin before all
350 tracts of land to be consumed by
the project were acquired. The state of
Ohio conducted similar business on its
side of the proposed dam.
By 1931, almost 25,000 acres had
been acquired for the reservoir in both
states (about 80 percent in Pennsylvania). The original plan for a dam at
the outlet of Pymatuning Marsh was
modified to include a second dam for an
upper reservoir. Land clearing began in
the fall of 1931. The gate on the upper
reservoir was closed December 5, 1933;
the gate on the lower reservoir was
closed January 23, 1934. The 26-square
mile reservoir flooded three quarters
of the existing swamp — mostly boreal
swamp, 25 miles of township roads, and
led to the relocation of five miles of
highway and the raising or refortification of 2.5 miles of railroad bed.
As Crawford County made way
for the reservoir, Netting and Van
Dersal, speculated in The Future of the 
Ecology of Pymatuning Swamp, “Thus,
even those of us who have deplored
the reservoir project, must admit that
APRIL  2013 

the boreal conditions which the
lake will destroy were already
retrogressing and would possibly
have disappeared, even without a
lake, in half a century or so.” They
believed Pymatuning had suffered
irreversible losses. That was hardly
the truth, of course, but it became
a prevailing attitude to rationalize
the great swamp’s flooding.
Even Pennsylvania Governor
Gifford Pinchot said, “The Pymatuning Reservoir has been started
and will be completed during my
administration. That is a source of
deepest gratification to me… I am
proud of it.”
Some people weren’t disappointed to see the massive swamp
go. It was a source of mosquitoes
and malaria; almost impenetrable
and unforgiving to those who entered; a 25-square-mile wasteland
with no redeeming qualities. But
Pymatuning also was one of Pennsylvania’s most unique and oldest
swamps. It was suffering atrophy
from natural and artificial succession, but still teaming with wild
diversity based on Sutton’s definitive fieldwork until it was covered
by the lake.
“Pymatuning Swamp … once
occupied a large depression in the
western part of Crawford County
that extended into … Ohio,”
wrote W.E. Clyde Todd, in his
1945 Birds  of  Western  Pennsylvania. “It was a wooded bog of the
sphagnum-tamarack type, fed by
cold underground springs and supporting a flora and fauna of a boreal
character. This highly interesting
area, a relict of postglacial times,
has been cleared in large part and
9



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013

Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013
Contents
Another Doorstep
Whitetail Predation
Pymatuning and Conneaut
Grinnin’ a Gobbler
Want to Be a Successful Turkey Hunter?
One for Officer Grove
Pennsylvania Otters — A Success Story
Kestrel Numbers Climb at SGL 205
From the Field
Field Notes
Conservation News
Making a Difference
What Should I Be Doing This Month?
Off the Wire
Another View
The Naturalist’s Eye
Straight from the Bowstring
Lock, Stock & Barrel
Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Another Doorstep
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Whitetail Predation
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pymatuning and Conneaut
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Grinnin’ a Gobbler
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Want to Be a Successful Turkey Hunter?
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - One for Officer Grove
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Pennsylvania Otters — A Success Story
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Kestrel Numbers Climb at SGL 205
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - From the Field
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Field Notes
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Conservation News
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Making a Difference
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - What Should I Be Doing This Month?
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Off the Wire
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Another View
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - The Naturalist’s Eye
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Straight from the Bowstring
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Lock, Stock & Barrel
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Crossings
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - April 2013 - Cover4
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