Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 24

one of his boxes. After measuring
every squirrel feature, weighing each
animal, installing radio transmitters and taking notes on every aspect of his find, he released them
unharmed.
It was noted in the final report of the study that "loss of oldgrowth and mature forest habitat"
was one of the main reasons for the
northern flying squirrel's decline in
Pennsylvania. Specifically, loss of
older conifer and mixed forest stands
to development and forest fragmentation and habitat destruction.
Competition from
expanding populations of the southern flying squirrel
threatens northerns,
and the chance of
contracting a debilitating parasite
transmitted by the
southern flying
squirre1 heightens
that threat. Additionally, eastern
hemlock forests, a
critical component
of the northern flying squirrel's habitat, have an uncertain
future in the state because of the invasive hemlock woolly adelgid, which is
killing the trees.
In an effort to increase the dwindling population, the Pennsylvania
Game Commission has included the
northern flying squirrel in game lands
management plans. Leading up to its
2007 listing, it was discovered that red
spruce is a key ingredient for the northern squirrel's survival, even though
pure stands of evergreen forest are rare
24

in Pennsylvania. An important source
of food is found in the soil beneath red
spruce trees, a special fungus that is embedded among the red-spruce roots in
the slightly alkaline, well-drained soil
found there. As a result of this finding,
2,500 red-spruce seedlings were grown
at the Game Commission's Howard
Nursery and planted in active northern
flying squirrel habitat in and around
state game lands. In cooperation with
this effort, the Department of Conservation and Natural Resources' Bureau
of Forestry is developing similar forestry
management plans.
The very social
and non-territorial
northerns can be
found in the tops of
mature trees in uninterrupted mixed coniferous and deciduous forests where
they find plenty of
space to glide from
one tree to another
with an abundant
supply of lichens,
one of their favorite foods along with
seeds, nuts and the
aforementioned soil
fungus. They live in groups of eight
or more adults and juveniles and in
winter join together in a cavity for
warmth. Their ability to glide - and
their name - suggests they fly. There is
a loose, fur-covered membrane, called
a patagium, attached just above the
paw on the front leg that stretches to
the ankle on the rear leg and forms a
parachute of sorts that allows the squirrel after leaping from its perch to have a
downward glide of up to 300 feet. They
use their flat tail as a rudder and legs
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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 9
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Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 12
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Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 29
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Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 64a
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 64b
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - Cover4
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