Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 25

Southern Flying Squirrel

Hal Korber

to maneuver in flight. There are times
when they miss the mark and fall to the
ground. It appears they rarely get hurt.
Flying-squirrel presence can be
discovered in their preferred mixed
coniferous/deciduous forest by
examining the shells of hickory
nuts. The opening cut is smooth and
oval shaped with no jagged edges.
The study found northerns prefer living
close to a stream or within a "moist microclimate or permanent water source,"
probably because this moisture helps
their preferred hypogeous fungi grow.
According to Thorington, northern flying squirrels usually live from
four to five years. Their breeding
season extends from March to May
and they usually have one litter,
but occasionally two a year. Males
c o n s t r u c t a l o w, b a s i c n e s t ,
while females build a high, finel y sh r edded nes t in a n estin g
cavity, such as an abandoned woodpecker cavity, a clump of twigs, or
place moss and shredded bark in a
FEBRUARY 2014

crotch or a tree branch or tree cavity. Two to four pups are born from
late April and early May after a
40-day gestation period. Females
care for the young. They are hairless
and unable to hear at birth. Their
internal organs are visible through
their skin and their eyes are sealed
shut. They weigh between 4 and 6
grams. The mother spreads her patagium over her newborns to keep them
warm. At 6 to 7 weeks of age, the
pups are almost completely weaned
and ready to take on the world. After about 10 weeks, they leave the
nest and learn to glide at about 3
months.
Some of the management recommendations made in the support of
northerns in Pennsylvania promote
retention of old growth forests, and
protection of Eastern hemlock and
mature mixed conifer stands. Monitoring continues. Let's hope the northerns can hang on with management
assistance.
25



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014

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Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 2
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Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 5
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Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 64a
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - 64b
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2014 - Cover3
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