Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 15

accumulations of clay, sand, gravel
and plant material in its wake. A
mid-1900s well dug into the deposits of Marsh Creek Valley revealed
glacial deposits at least 200 feet deep
near Wellsboro. A leading tributary
to Pine Creek, Marsh Creek flows
so very slowly west that an early
geologist described its flow as "hardly
perceptible."
The exceptional fertility of this
rich black soil was recognized by 19th
century settlers who were initially
attracted to the area by the thriving
lumber and tanning industries and
its abundant game. At that time,
wetlands were generally regarded as
impediments to progress and their
stagnant waters a health risk. Large
areas of the wetlands were soon
destroyed, and their drainage diverted
JUNE 2014

to facilitate construction of railroad
beds for the benefit of growing industry. But the greatest modification of
natural marsh lands was to accommodate agriculture.
Beginning in the 1890s, the
land was subdivided and many of
its marshes drained to facilitate the
commercial production of celery and
lettuce. The effort prospered in the
rich organic soils, but working such
unstable soil is far from easy. Drained
areas of muck dried and became
firmer, but were unstable enough that
horses used in the fields were fitted
with large wooden blocks or "muck
shoes" made of steel lid covers to prevent sinking. In one report, a team of
horses sank and was smothered in the
muck.
The celery and lettuce produc15



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - NS1
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - NS2
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - June 2014 - Cover4
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