Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - 36

Built to Endure: As the temperatures drop and the
snow depth increases, we often get questions about deer
and their ability to survive winter weather. The whitetailed deer is a remarkable animal that is highly adapted to
survive in a wide range of environments. Make no mistake about
it, Pennsylvania's deer are survivors. Throughout the fall, deer
accumulate fat reserves to survive the winter. Following the rut
in November, males have limited time to recover before winter weather arrives. At this time, a good supply of natural food
sources is critical, because most crops have been harvested. As
deer enter winter, they will reduce their activity and rely more
on accumulated fat and protein reserves for energy. Weight loss
during winter is inevitable. However, death from starvation is
not common. Using deer with radio transmitters, we have tracked
winter survival of hundreds of deer across Pennsylvania. From January to March,
more than 95 percent of deer survive each month. Fortunately, winter mortality
remains a minor concern for our deer population.
- Christopher S. Rosenberry, Deer and Elk Section Supervisor
Relatively Speaking: The national 2014 State of the Birds report highlights our
success and challenges in bird conservation. One thing that it shows is that
conservation works! We have come a long way since the extinction of the passenger pigeon to better manage our bird populations. Successes like the return
of the bald eagle and osprey inspire and inform
new initiatives. Healthy habitats need support
and they get it through established programs
like the Duck Stamp program, Joint Ventures,
wetlands protection, endangered species protections,
and international bird projects. Yet, we have many
challenges including the declines of forest and grassland birds. Pennsylvania emphasizes golden-winged and
cerulean warblers for management, and is turning attention
to wood thrush and Canada warbler. Although successful
nationally, most wetland birds are still in decline in our state
due to habitat reduction. We have seen declines in many
aerial insectivores, such as the whip-poor-will and purple
martin, that have the common threat of loss of prey and
36

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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - 5
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Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - 37
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Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - 68
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - 69
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - February 2015 - Cover4
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