Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 35

information on seasonal survival is needed to better model populations to meet
management objectives, and preseason banding alone might not provide enough
captures for analysis. In 2010, the Black Duck Joint Venture began a five-year cooperative project between northeastern states and southern Canadian provinces
to evaluate the feasibility of conducting both preseason and postseason black
duck bandings. The goal is to improve modeling black duck population dynamics, determine variation in seasonal survival and identify limiting factors that
can be mitigated through habitat and harvest management. January through
March of 2014 was scheduled to be the final year of the pilot study. However,
the pilot project was successful and we will be continuing banding efforts through
the winter of 2015. During the initial five-year pilot period, we banded 1,281
black ducks in Pennsylvania during the post-season, exceeding our goal of 1,000.
This compares to 20 to 30 black ducks typically banded in Pennsylvania during
each preseason period. Of the 1,281 banded, 109 were recovered through harvest. A large proportion of black ducks banded were subsequently harvested in
Pennsylvania. However, birds also were recovered in Quebec, New York, Ohio,
Maryland, Ontario, Delaware and Virginia. We also banded an additional 3,200
ducks, representing 11 species, with mallards accounting for the majority. The
success of winter banding is highly dependent on weather. Cold is always better.
- Jeremy Stempka, Biologist, Game Birds Section
Neither rain, nor snow, nor frozen jaws: Every firearms
season, we collect deer sex-age-kill (SAK) data from
the deer harvest. Across Pennsylvania, about 75 trained
personnel comprise 33 deer-aging teams that visit over 400
deer processors. I won't go into the details, but those of us
on deer-aging teams know this is somewhat of a gruesome
task. In addition, working conditions are often less than
ideal. Ticks carrying various diseases are always present, and seeking warmth and blood - ours. When
the temperature is warm, soft animal tissues begin
to smell; when it is cold, you have only thin, disposable nitrile gloves (needed for biological protection from
deer body fluids) to keep fingers warm. Most jaws must
be pried open with steel jawbreakers, but when temperatures plunge, frozen jaws can challenge the strength of even the strongest. The
time we have to visit processors is limited, so we have to work through whatever
conditions come our way. Despite the working conditions, our teams visit all of
their assigned processors in each of three weeks, and collectively examine around
25,000 deer each year. In the field of biology, this is a tremendous sample, and
one that provides us with a high level of confidence in the measures we use in
our deer management program, and ultimately in the recommendations we make
to the Board of Commissioners.
- Bret D. Wallingford, Deer Biologist, Deer and Elk Section
MARCH 2015

35



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - BB1
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - BB2
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - March 2015 - Cover4
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