Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 56

both thought they nested in woodpecker
holes. But in 1879, William Brewster
found several Maine nests that looked
like "loosely hung hammocks" or "new
moons."
Nearly always, the female suspends
her nest between the trunk and a loose
piece of bark on a large dead or dying
tree.
Built in two parts, anywhere from a
couple of feet to 40 feet off the ground,
the base has twigs and strips layered
together and stuck to the rough inner
surface of the loose bark by insect cocoons and spider egg cases.
It is hammock-shaped with points
that extend above it and are attached
to the bark.
A nest cup is constructed into its
center, and it might consist of a wide variety of natural materials such as wood
fibers, pieces of leaves, bark or lichens,
mosses, feathers or spider egg cases.
Researchers found a nest in Michigan that held 872 pieces.
The female occasionally nests in
other, more creative sites - behind a
wooden grill or window shutters, or in
fence posts, nest boxes, or, where large

trees are scarce, in tree knotholes.
Once the eggs hatch, the female
broods the almost naked nestlings, but
both parents feed them for the 14 to 20
days they mature in the nest, and the additional 17 days or more it takes them to
perfect their flying and foraging skills.
Because brown creepers are big-tree
birds, development, clearcutting, and
partial logging threaten the habitat
they need.
To provide optimal habitat, it is essential to keep as many unfragmented,
mature and old-growth forests as
possible, and to allow more previously logged forests to regrow into
old-growth forests, which is what we've
been doing with our forested property.
Although trees killed by hemlock
woolly adelgids might provide more
brown-creeper nesting habitat for a
short time, once the trees fall, the habitat will be gone.
It will be interesting to see if they
can adapt to other tree species here
and in northern Pennsylvania as the
climate warms and the hemlocks
disappear from most, if not all, of our
forests.

Cover Photo by JaCob Dingel
It's that time again when visions of bucks
like the one depicted on this month's cover are
in the minds of Keystone State hunters. Any
hunter would be proud to harvest a mature
buck like this one, but the time and effort
must be put in, and some luck, too, must occur
to make it happen. Jacob Dingel is a Game
Commission radio dispatcher whose photos
often appear in Game News and the agency's
Wildlife Calendar. His photos have brought
many people closer to wildlife.

56



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 1
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - December 2015 - Cover4
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