Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 28

simultaneously analyze changes in habitat
composition.
A dramatic decline of whip-poorwills in Pennsylvania can be seen when
comparing numbers of these birds noted
during the first Pennsylvania Breeding
Bird Atlas survey conducted from 1983
to 1989, and the second survey conducted from 2004 to 2009.
Nightjars, as a group, were found to
be experiencing the steepest decline of
all insectivorous birds and overall whippoor-will detection declined 42 percent.
The bird nearly disappeared from
previously occupied parts of western
Pennsylvania and had drastic losses in
the northeast portions of the Ridge and
Valley Province.
This drop prompted the Ornithological Technical Committee of the Pennsylvania Biological Survey to list the
eastern whip-poor-will as "vulnerable"
in Pennsylvania.
The whip-poor-will's decline is a
complex issue that likely stems from a
combination of several factors.
A decline in aerial insects, especially moths, could be contributing
to the decline whip-poor-wills and
other insect-eating birds, including the
common nighthawk.
Dependence on aerial insects is something all nightjars have in common.
Some scientists believe agricultural
pesticides might be playing a role, as
well.
Habitat loss and composition changes
might also be key factors in the decline.
Whip-poor-wills are an edge species
that needs a mix of young-forest areas
for nesting and open areas for foraging.
Locations meeting these specific habitat requirements have dwindled in the
northeastern United States and Canada
through a combination of development
28

and forest maturation, resulting in fewer
prime spots for whip-poor-wills.
The problem also could originate in
the whip-poor-will's wintering grounds,
which stretch from the Gulf states to
Honduras.
Little is known of changing habitat
conditions and human encroachment in
these areas.
On state game lands, the Game Commission uses land-management practices such as timber-stand improvement
and prescribed-fire operations that could
benefit whip-poor-wills.
Efforts to create and enhance youngforest habitat for species such as the
golden-winged warbler and American
woodcock, could help the eastern whippoor-will, as well.

Still here
It happened only a few days after that
nightjar survey.
Chores at the barn were completed
just as the sun slipped over the horizon
and I was walking back toward the
house.
Swallows swooped and darted in
the buggy twilight, their crops full of
insects, ready to return to dried-mud
nests crowded with young.
Bats queued in the barn rafters like
fuzzy fighter jets preparing for an
aircraft-carrier launch. A bird began
calling and I ran the remaining distance
to the house.
My wife and I stood on the front
porch.
"Listen," I said.
For a few moments, only silence.
Then, from atop a nearby ridge, we
heard a lone nightjar calling out its
name.
"I am here" it proclaimed, over and
over again.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017

Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - Intro
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - Cover1
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - Cover2
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - Contents
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 2
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 3
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 4
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 5
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 6
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 7
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 8
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 9
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 10
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 11
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 12
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 13
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 14
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 15
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 16
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 17
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 18
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 19
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 20
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 21
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 22
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 23
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 24
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 25
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 26
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 27
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 28
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 29
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 30
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 31
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 32
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 33
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 34
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 35
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 36
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 37
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 38
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 39
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 40
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 41
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 42
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 43
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 44
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 45
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 46
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 47
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 48
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 49
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 50
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 51
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 52
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 53
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 54
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 55
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 56
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 57
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 58
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 59
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 60
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 61
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 62
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 63
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 64
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - Cover3
Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201809
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201808
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201807
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201806
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201805
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201804
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201803
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201802
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201801
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201711
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201710
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201709
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201708
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201707
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201706
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201705
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201704
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201703
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201702
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201701
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201612
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201611
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201610
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201609
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201608
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201607
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201606
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201605
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201604
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201603
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201602
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201601
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201512
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201511
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201510
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201509
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201508
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201507
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pa_huntingdigest1516
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201506
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201505
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201504
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201503
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201502
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201501
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201412
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201411
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201410
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201409
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201408
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201407
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pa_huntingdigest1415
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201406
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201405
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201404
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201403
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201402
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201401
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201312
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201311
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201310
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201309
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201308
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201307
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201306
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201305
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201304
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201303
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201302
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201301
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201212
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201211
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201210
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201209
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201208
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201207
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201206
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201205
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201204
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201203
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201202
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201201
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201112
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201111
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201110
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201109
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201108
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201107
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201106
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201105
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201104
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201103
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201102
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201101
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201012
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201011
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201010
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201009
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201007
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201006
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201005
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201004
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201003
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201002
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_201001
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200912
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200911
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200910
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200908
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200907
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200906
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200905
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200904
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200902
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/annualreport2008
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200901
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200812
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200811
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/pgc/pagamenews_200809
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com