Pennsylvania Game News - July 2017 - 53
By Jim Romanelli
New opportunities await pennsylvania hunters.
firearms. The difference is air guns push
projectiles using pressurized air, rather
than progressively burning gun powders
that create pressurized gas.
Typical small-game pellets come in
.177, .20, .22 and .25 calibers.
The .177- and .22-caliber projectiles,
which are used in match shooting, are the
Most are made of lead, and some are
copper-coated. Some also employ a leadfree alloy that can be housed in a plastic
Lead pellets usually are used for hunting and can be found in hollow-point or
solid-dome form, or with wad-cutter,
pointed and cylinder-shaped heads.
Air gun pellets characteristically have
an hourglass-shape called "diabolo."
The forward section is called the head,
which is full caliber. The tapered middle
is called the waist. The bottom is the
skirt, which flares out from the waist and
The flared skirt expands to full caliber
and seals the bore, and the barrel's rifling
supports the projectile's flight when it is
hit with a blast of pressurized air or CO2.
The maximum trajectory of a typical
pellet from an air gun is 200 to 500 yards.
That makes an air gun a responsible
choice when hunting on the outskirts