Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 13


itself, it raises the question of whether it will remain a reactive
body or will it have a preventative effect.
Unquestionably, the existence of the task force means an
emphasis on criminally prosecuting injuries or deaths at construction sites that may have been considered purely civil matters in years past. These cases can be difficult for the NYDA
since criminal liability can be problematic to prove in what
appear initially as accidents. Convening a task force may be a
recognition of this difficulty, as well as the need to have prosecutors who specialize in the nuances of these cases.
With this announcement, the public would expect each
death at a site within the jurisdiction of the NYDA to be reviewed for potential criminal charges. There were 10 construction-related deaths within the past fiscal year alone. While
there have been no other indictments announced from the task
force since August 5, the very existence of the task force, and
the knowledge that a review will occur, may lead to changing
behavior in the construction industry.

INDUSTRY IMPACT
What the task force means for construction companies in
New York is that at a time when construction is at an especially high volume, and experienced workers are harder to come
by, construction companies will have to face not only civil
remedies, but potentially criminal sanctions for worker error
that the NYDA views as criminal. This will generally involve
situations where there is knowledge, including a warning or
repeated warnings of a dangerous condition that the NYDA
thinks have gone unheeded. To combat this threat, companies
may institute additional best practices documenting corrective action that occurred upon a warning or knowledge of an
unsafe worksite condition.
While construction has always been a dangerous profession,
there is a feeling in the city, borne out by the recent statistics
showing increased injuries and deaths at construction sites this
year and in the prior year, that during the present construction
boom certain job sites have become more dangerous. Reasons
for this could include inexperienced workers, lax enforcement
or the sheer volume of the work. Recent arguments have even
been made that the number of injuries and deaths has risen
substantially faster than the number of permits for work.While
this may not be a precise measure, since the number of permits pulled does not directly equate to the size of the work
performed, the NYDA's position is that the work sites have
become more dangerous. Accordingly, construction companies
in New York will need to address the new reality of criminal
investigation and prosecution for injuries.
This comes at a time when many construction companies
are already having difficulty obtaining and retaining qualified safety personnel. It will likely aid the larger, more organized and well-funded companies that have safety personnel

and long-term employees, and make it harder for smaller or
newer entities to compete. It is now a scary proposition for a
worker to run a particular jobsite. In both of the prosecutions
announced on Aug. 5, it was the alleged on-site supervisors
that were indicted alongside the companies themselves. If this
becomes a common practice, site supervisors will become hesitant, and more difficult and expensive to come by. However, it
could have the added benefit of encouraging site supervisors,
to the extent they have actual control over behavior, to insist on
greater safety measures.
In the end, for those companies and individuals most concerned about criminal sanctions, the task force may cause
them to employ stricter safety measures that can lead to less
injuries and fatalities. This is particularly true for public work
contractors since they face relatively strict NYC integrity requirements. Accordingly, for public work contractors, who
generally cannot tolerate even the potential of a criminal conviction, the task force may, and should, likely lead to new and
additional safety measures, as well as revised best practices and
documenting procedures. )
-
Brian L. Gardner is chairman of the Construction Services
Department at Cole Schotz P.C., a national law firm with offices
in New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland and Texas. He is
a former federal prosecutor now engaged in a complex civil and
criminal litigation practice, including commercial, construction,
regulatory, environmental and white collar litigation. Gardner
represents Sky Materials Inc., one of the two entities charged the
day the task force was announced.
Winter 2016 Volume 2 www.mhb-magazine.com

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http://www.mhb-magazine.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2

Contents
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - Cover1
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - Cover2
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 1
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 2
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - Contents
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 4
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 5
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 6
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 7
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 8
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 9
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 10
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 11
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 12
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 13
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 14
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 15
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 16
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 17
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 18
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 19
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 20
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 21
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 22
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 23
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 24
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 25
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 26
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 27
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 28
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 29
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 30
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 31
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 32
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 33
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 34
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 35
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 36
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 37
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 38
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 39
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 40
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 41
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 42
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 43
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 44
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 45
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 46
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 47
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 48
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 49
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 50
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 51
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 52
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 53
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 54
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 55
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 56
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 57
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 58
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 59
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 60
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 61
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 62
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 63
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 64
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 65
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 66
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 67
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 68
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 69
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 70
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 71
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 72
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 73
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Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 77
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 78
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 79
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 80
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 81
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Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 83
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 84
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 85
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 86
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Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 89
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 90
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 91
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 92
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 93
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 94
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 95
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 96
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 97
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 98
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 99
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 100
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 101
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 102
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 103
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 104
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 105
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 106
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 107
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 108
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 109
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 110
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 111
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 112
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 113
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 114
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 115
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 116
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 117
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 118
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 119
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 120
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 121
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 122
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 123
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 124
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 125
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 126
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 127
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Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 129
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Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 131
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 132
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 133
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Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 135
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 136
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 137
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 138
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 139
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 140
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 141
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Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 150
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 151
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - 152
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - Cover3
Modern Home Builder - Winter 2016 - Volume 2 - Cover4
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