Manufacturing Today - March/April 2016 - 9


LYNN L. BERGESON | COLUMN BY

Key Points

The LOI offers much needed clarification to importers and sets forth
accommodations to exporters for
labeling sealed containers of hazardous chemicals. OSHA defines
"container" as any bag, barrel, bottle, box, can, cylinder, drum, reaction
vessel, storage tank or similar unit
that contains a hazardous chemical.
Careful review of how these accommodations apply to individual manufacturing/importing operations is
recommended. It is clear that not
all containers as defined by OSHA
would be considered amenable to
these accommodations, and it is important to know what is in and what
is out of scope for these purposes. mt

P R O F I TA B I L I T Y

AH
S R EXPO 2016

Careful Review

B UY AMERICAN

S U S TA I N A B I L I T Y

the first scenario described above,
29 C.F.R. § 1910.1200(f )(6)(ii).
The third situation is for direct
shipment where the sealed container is stored at a third-party location (i.e., off-site manufacturer
or third-party warehouse). OSHA
states that these operations must
follow the requirements described
in 29 C.F.R. § 1910.1200(b)(4), e.g.,
the employer "shall ensure that labels on incoming containers of hazardous chemicals are not removed
or defaced," along with other obligations including maintaining copies
of the SDSs and employee training.
In addition, the package must contain the information required in the
first situation described above.

SERVICE

In 29 C.F.R. § 1910.1200(c), OSHA
defines "importers" as the first
business with employees within
the Customs Territory of the United States that receives hazardous
chemicals produced in other countries for the purpose of supplying
them to distributors or employers
within the United States. The LOI
discusses the labeling responsibilities of the importer and indicates
the responsibility "to assure appropriate labels are on incoming containers of hazardous chemicals (i.e.,
labels are HCS 2012-compliant) begins when the importer takes control of the containers of hazardous
chemical." The LOI also references
Directive Number CLP 02-02-079,
Inspection Procedures for the Hazard Communication Standard (HCS
2012). Section X.F.2.h contains the
specific guidance on the continued
limited use of HCS 1994-compliant labels for cases where products
were shipped prior to June 1, 2015.
The LOI describes three situations for the labeling of hazardous
chemicals intended for export. In
each situation, OSHA provides accommodations for these situations

with the understanding in most of
them that there is no anticipated
worker exposure during the standard handling of these products.
The first accommodation is for
sealed containers of hazardous
chemicals that are prepared for direct export and placed inside U.S.
Department of Transportation
(DOT) approved or equivalent containers. OSHA requires the inner
most container of hazardous chemicals to be labeled. In this accommodation, OSHA is allowing for the
outside container to be labeled when
the outside package is in compliance with DOT and/or International
Maritime Organization (IMO) regulations. OSHA states that the outside package in this scenario should
contain the HCS 2012-compliant
label, or be provided as part of the
shipping documentation.
The second situation is for direct shipment where the sealed
container is temporarily stored
prior to export. OSHA notes that
the external packaging must be labeled in accordance with 29 C.F.R.
§ 1910.1200(f )(6). The packaging
should either contain the requirements of the shipped container as
set forth in 29 C.F.R. § 1910.1200(f )
(1)(i) - (v), or the label should contain the "[p]roduct identifier and
words, pictures, symbols, or combination thereof, which provide at
least general information regarding
the hazards of the chemicals, and
which, in conjunction with the other information immediately available to employees under the hazard
communication program, will provide employees with the specific
information regarding the physical
and health hazards of the hazardous
chemical." In addition, the package
must contain the details outlined in

C ANADA MANUFACTURING

distributors, who were allowed to
ship products with the old labels
until December 1, 2015. Under HCS
2012, employees must update their
written hazard communication programs and provide additional employee training for newly identified
hazards by June 1, 2016. The LOI
provides OSHA's interpretation of
the labeling requirements for companies that are importing products
from foreign suppliers/manufacturers, and describes processes for
several scenarios for companies exporting products.

Lynn L. Bergeson is Managing Partner of Bergeson &
Campbell, P.C. (B&C®), a Washington, D.C. law firm focusing on
conventional, nanoscale, and biobased industrial, agricultural, and specialty chemical product regulation and approval
matters, environmental health and safety law, chemical product
litigation, and associated business counseling and litigation
issues. Lynn is President of The Acta Group, with offices in
Washington, D.C., Manchester, UK, and Beijing, China, and
President of B&C® Consortia Management, L.L.C. (BCCM) with
offices in Washington, D.C.

MARCH/APRIL 2016 manufacturing-today.com

9


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Manufacturing Today - March/April 2016

Contents
Manufacturing Today - March/April 2016 - Cover1
Manufacturing Today - March/April 2016 - Cover2
Manufacturing Today - March/April 2016 - 1
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Manufacturing Today - March/April 2016 - Contents
Manufacturing Today - March/April 2016 - 4
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