The Forestry Source - February 2011 - (Page 1)
News for forest resource professionals published by the Society of American Foresters February 2011 • Vol. 16, No. 2
CA Approves Greenhouse Cap-and-Trade Regulations
Program Includes Protocols for Forestry, Urban Forestry Offsets
I N T H I S I S S U E
Forest Carbon Marketplace: 2010 carbon market ups and downs. After another year of twists and turns, and ups and downs, the carbon market in the United States ended 2010 with a bang. Page 5. Grays Harbor reinstates forestry program, launches student chapter. After a more than 20-year absence from providing forestry education to students in southwestern Washington, Grays Harbor College is back with a reinstated forest technology program—and a brand-new SAF student chapter. Page 9. Libby chapter’s forum airs candidates’ views on natural resources issues. The Libby-area Chapter of the Montana SAF recently hosted a public meeting with seven area candidates that provided an opportunity for local residents to hear the candidates’ opinions on natural resources issues, such as area wood supply, proposals for additional wilderness, motorized access to public lands, fuels management, and hard-rock mining. Page 10. ForestryImages.org: Photos for forestry and natural resources. Photos are invaluable for use as training aids and for publication and program illustrations, and descriptive and identification purposes. Unfortunately, most of us do not have our own exhaustive collection of images. Page 12. Field Tech: Soil erosion modeling with the modified universal soil loss equation. When planning forest management practices, maintaining soil productivity and minimizing erosion need to be primary considerations. This article introduces a GIS-based method to identify areas within a small watershed, to assist foresters’ conservation efforts. Page 12.
By Steve Wilent alifornia’s Air Resources Board (ARB) recently approved a greenhouse gas (GHG) cap-and-trade” regulation that seeks to lower emissions of such gases statewide. Starting in 2012, the regulation will apply to all major utilities and industrial sources of carbon dioxide and other gases; by 2015 it also will apply to distributors of transportation fuels, natural gas, and other fuels. In all, 600 facilities owned by 360 businesses will be subject to the regulation. The system is based on “allowances,” with each allowance equal to one metric ton of carbon dioxide emissions. In 2012, covered greenhouse gas emitters will be granted allowances for about 90 percent of their projected emissions for that year. Thereafter, the number of allowances will decline by about 2 percent per year through 2014 and by 3 percent per year from 2015 to 2020. If a company emits more than its allotted allowances in a given year, it can purchase additional allowances from other companies or from the ARB via quarterly auctions, or purchase offset credits from approved forestry carbon-sequestration projects or other sources. From 2012 through 2014, the allowances will be granted to emitters at no cost. The ARB has set a minimum price of $10 per allowance sold at its quarterly
The Forests Forever environmental group used a YouTube video as part of its criticism of the California Air Resources Board’s adoption of a forest-carbon project protocol.
auctions in 2012. Each year thereafter, the minimum price will increase by 5 percent per year plus inflation. (For more information, see www.arb.ca.gov/cc/cc.htm.) Along with its approval of the cap-andtrade regulation, the ARB also adopted modified versions of four existing offsetproject protocols: forestry, urban forestry, livestock (manure/methane) management, and removal of existing stocks of ozone-
depleting substances. The forest project protocol applies to carbon sequestration projects on forestland, while the urban forestry protocol includes parameters for GHG-reduction projects that include tree planting and maintenance activities in urban areas along streets, in parks, on educational campuses, and in utility service (See “CA Carbon” page 3)
Environmental Protection Agency Backs Off Greenhouse Gas Regulations
D E PA RT M E N T S
2 2 4 5 11 12 14 Editor’s Notebook Letters Industry News In Brief People in the News Field Tech Classifieds
of permitting regulations for carbon-dioxide emissions from the combustion or decomposition of biologically based material, including facilities that emit CO2 as a result of burning forest or agricultural products for energy, wastewater treatment and livestock management facilities, landfills, and ethanol fermentation processes. During the three-year hiatus, the EPA said it would seek additional independent scientific analysis of the issue before it issues rules that determine whether Clean Air Act permits are required by power plant and other facility operators. “We are working to find a way forward that is scientifically sound and manageable for both producers and consumers of biomass energy,” said the EPA’s Administrator Lisa Jackson in a statement. “In the coming years, we will develop a commonsense approach that protects our environEPA Administrator Lisa Jackson said the agency would work to develop “a commonsense approach” ment and encourages the use to regulating carbon dioxide emissions from (See “EPA” page 4) biomass-fired power sources.
he US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has called for a cease-fire in the political battle over the carbon neutrality of forest biomass and other biogenic fuels for energy production. In January, the agency announced that it would defer for three years the issue
Maximizing Land Value through Agroforestry
An Interview with Shibu Jose
By Joseph M. Smith hibu Jose is the H. E. “Gene” Garrett chair of agroforestry at the University of Missouri and director of its Center for Agroforestry, a position he assumed in 2009 after serving as a professor of forest ecology at the University of Florida– Gainesville’s School of Forest Resources and Conservation. The author of more than 80 refereed articles, his research focuses on how resource availability and disturbances influence ecosystem structure and function in agroforests, natural forests, and plantation forests. Jose is editor-in-chief of Agroforestry Systems, associate editor of the International Journal of Ecology, and an associate editor of the Journal of Forestry. He currently serves as a division deputy coordinator of the International Union of Forest Research Organizations and has served as chair of the Applied Ecology Section of the Ecological Society of America, council member of ESA, and board member of the Southeastern Chapter of Society for Ecological Restoration. In service to SAF, Jose has served as chair of the Cultural Diversity (See “Agroforestry” page 7)
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Forestry Source - February 2011
The Forestry Source - February 2011
Forest Carbon Marketplace: 2010 Carbon Market Ups and Downs.
Grays Harbor Reinstates Forestry Program, Launches Student Chapter.
Libby Chapter’s Forum Airs Candidates’ Views on Natural Resources Issues.
People in the News
forestryimages.org: Photos for Forestry and Natural Resources.
Field Tech: Soil Erosion Modeling With the Modified Universal Soil Loss Equation.
The Forestry Source - February 2011