The Forestry Source - January 2014 - (Page 1)
News for forest resource professionals published by the Society of American Foresters
Assisted Migration: Growing Forests Adapted to the Future
January 2014 * Vol. 19, No. 1
IN THIS ISSUE
Alverts Elected SAF Vice-President;
Walters Begins Term as
The results of SAF's national election,
held in October, are in: Robert L.
Alverts, CF, will be SAF vice-president
in 2014. Page 6.
Q&A with Kevin O'Hara
During the 2013 SAF National Convention
in Charleston, South Carolina,
Kevin O'Hara received the Carl Alwin
Schenck Award, recognizing outstanding
achievement in forestry education.
O'Hara is known for facilitating classroom
discussions that allow students to
learn through interaction and conversation
on a personal level. Page 8.
NEW Communications Column:
Mapping Our Way through Communications
The term communications is one of the
lead topics in current professional forestry
conversation. Certainly the need
for it in action in our work is always evident.
Our increasing job and communication
responsibilities require us to not
only apply all of our technical expertise
but also to master skills in facilitating
communication with like-minded colleagues;
those guided by different mission
statements than our own; and with
audiences of different beliefs, ages, and
demands. Page 9.
Shepard, Vander Wyst, Edeburn,
and Grebner Elected to SAF
SAF members elected four new Council
representatives in the Society's national
election last fall. As of January 1, the
new Council members replaced four
others whose terms expired December
31. Page 9.
2 Editor's Notebook
7 Industry News
8 Society Affairs
12 Science & Tech
By Andrea Watts
f the management strategies available
to create resilient, productive
forests in a changing climate, assisted
migration is one strategy that is
prompting much discussion in the forestry
community. Assisted migration is viewed
as a proactive strategy because many tree
species do not have the ability to adapt or
migrate naturally at the same rate as the
climate is expected to change. This mismatch
between trees and their environment
could result in forests that are less
productive and unhealthy.
The concept of assisted migration is
straightforward: the deliberate movement
of species or populations by humans from
one location to another. Yet the context for
discussing this strategy must be framed
prior to discussion, otherwise you and colleagues
may find yourselves talking at
uIs assisted migration proposed or
practiced on commercial forestland or in
an ecological reserve?
uIs a population being moved 300 feet
further uphill, or is a species being moved
three states away?
uIs genetics used to determine which
seed source is appropriate for an area 50
years from now? Or should we consider
that species also have a natural capacity to
adapt to change and also have responded
to similar climate change in the past?
There are three recognized forms of as-
Tagged seedlings for study in the Assisted Migration Adaption Trial, which includes 48 test
sites in western Canada and the United States.
uAssisted population migration
calls for seed sources (also called "populations")
being moved within a species'
uAssisted range expansion has seed
sources being moved just outside their
current range where current or the nearfuture
climate is ideal for the species.
uAssisted species migration (also
known as "exotic translocation") is when
a species is planted well outside its current
range. This is the scenario that most peo-
ple think of when assisted migration is
"Historically, naturally, species moved.
They moved to follow naturally changing
climates. In paleoecology, we call that
"migration." So it's a very common natural
process in response to changing climate,
whether it's anthropogenic climate
change or not.... In a sense, what we might
be thinking to do is mimicking that
process, and that's the valid part of as-
(See "Migration" page 3)
CAMCORE Demonstrates the Role of Industry in
Conservation of At-Risk Forest Species
By Joseph M. Smith
nternational extension agents"-
that's how CAMCORE director Bill
Dvorak sometimes refers to the people
who work for CAMCORE (the Central
America and Mexico Coniferous
Resources Cooperative), a nonprofit international
tree-breeding organization headquartered
at North Carolina State University
Although formally launched in 1980,
Dvorak said the organization's origins
date back to the 1970s.
"In the late 1970s there were some foresters
from the United States-professor
Bruce Zobel here at NCSU, and [Carl Gallegos]
from International Paper company,
and several other folks who went down to
Guatemala and saw that many of the pine
forests were being destroyed by woodcutters,"
he said. "Forty percent of all the
pine species in the world occur in Mexico
and Central America, so it's kind of a center
of genetic diversity for the pines and,
since Zobel had a lot of experience working
with industrial cooperatives, and industrial,
private sector members, he said,
'Why can't we form a industrial cooperative
to conserve the genetic material of
pines from Central America and Mexico
in other, more protected, places?'"
This, generally speaking, is what
CAMCORE does today. CAMCORE personnel
travel to a threatened forest stand
to collect the seed of a particular species.
Some of the seeds may be put into longterm
storage, while others are planted on
members' land in more protected areas in
genetic field trials (or progeny tests) and
conservation areas (referred to as "ex situ
conservation banks") in countries around
the world with similar climates. Then the
CAMCORE staff based at NCSU analyzes
the data from the trials and produces
annual summaries to help members decide
what to grow in what location.
CAMCORE began with only five
members-Smurfit Kappa Cartón de
Colombia, Aracruz Florestal (Brazil), International
Paper Company, Weyerhaeuser
Company, and the National Seed
Bank in Guatemala. Today, the organization
has grown to include 42 active, associate,
and honorary members on four continents.
CAMCORE planting of a pine hybrid trial in
the highlands of Kenya. The trial was established
the Kenyan Forestry Research Institute
near Nairobi. The tree is a P. patula x
P. tecunumanii hybrid that is more resistant
to Fusarium diseases than pure P. patula.
Not surprisingly, as CAMCORE's
membership has grown, so has the scope
of its work.
"We began with pines, but in the 1990s
we went into some tropical broadleaf
species, such as Gmelina, which occurs in
Southeast Asia and places like India,
(See "CAMCORE" page 4)
CAMCORE, NC State University
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Forestry Source - January 2014
The Forestry Source - January 2014
Alverts Elected SAF Vice-President; Walter Begins Term as President
Q&A With Kevin O'Hara
NEW Communications Column: Mapping Our Way Through Communications in Forestry
Shepard, Vander Wyst, Edeburn, and Grebner Elected to SAF Council
Science & Tech
The Forestry Source - January 2014
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