Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 365

365

Said and Hussain

recall accuracy may have affected the results. This study did
not include nurses, who also play an important role in ADR
reporting.

Conclusion

Figure 2. Suggestion to improve adverse drug reaction
reporting by all responders.

public reporting. Direct patient ADRs reporting has been the
focus of previous studies.22,23 The collaborative role by
patients has been found to increase the speed of ADR knowledge acquisition and improve pharmacovigilance. It also
encourages the more active role of patients in their treatment
management.
Another suggestion by responders included mandatory
reporting of ADRs (31.9%). Only 9.9% of responders suggested financial incentives for ADRs reporting. This highlights that most health care professionals recognize ADR
reporting is a fundamental rather than optional responsibility.
This study showed that KAP strategies of UAE health care
professionals toward ADR and pharmacovigilance policy are
very limited. This is probably due to the recent initiation of the
pharmacovigilance program by HAAD in UAE, which was
established in 2007. Baseline KAP evaluation of UAE health
care professionals toward ADR reporting will help pinpoint
the proper interventional strategies needed to develop the
HAAD pharmacovigilance, which is still in its infancy stage.
The results obtained in this study from different UAE
health care settings pointed out 2 important areas requiring
improvement. First, there is the need for more integration of
the recently established HAAD pharmacovigilance among
health care settings and more educational interventions in the
form of seminars and workshops to improve ADR reporting.
Educational interventions help increase ADR awareness and
positively reflect everyday clinical practice.14,25 Second,
more efforts are required to incorporate the subject of pharmacovigilance and ADRs in the curricula of medical and
pharmacy schools.
There are strong links between improved ADR reporting
in clinical practice and decreased ADR incidence and reduction in health care costs.

Limitations of the Study
The main limitation of our study was the relatively small
number of responders, especially physicians. In addition,
problems of self-reporting studies such as personal bias or

The key for an effective and successful pharmacovigilance
system is the fruitful participation of all health care professionals. However, underreporting of ADRs is still a global
issue of major concern that needs appropriate attention.
Overall, our study showed poor KAP results from both UAE
prescribers and pharmacists, indicating there is a big gap
between the present health care personnel practice and pharmacovigilance center policy. Indeed a closer relationship
between health care professionals and pharmacovigilance
centers with continuing medical education (CME) should be
actively encouraged to aid in improving spontaneous reporting for the sake of better patient care.
Acknowledging pharmacists as key players in ADR monitoring and reporting, with more emphasis on teaching pharmacovigilance in pharmacy undergraduate courses, should
create more informed and better educated pharmacists. KAP
in health care should be viewed as potential modifiable factors that will decrease the incidence of ADRs and reduce
health care costs in clinical practice.
We recommend that CME about ADR reporting guidelines be provided in the form of booklets and posters that are
made available at different locations in health care facilities
as a constant reminder. This is in addition to regular emphasis about the paramount importance of ADR reporting with
CME workshops or seminars and in undergraduate pharmacy
courses.
A successful ADR program should monitor, detect, evaluate, document, and report ADRs. Pharmacovigilance programs should focus on the essential role of pharmacists in
initiating proper ADR intervention and giving feedback to
other health care settings.
Acknowledgments
We would like to acknowledge all the health care professionals who
responded promptly to the questionnaire. We also appreciate the
help of Ms Ihcene Benouared, Ms Alaa Saad, and Ms Ranim
Almolki in assisting with data acquisition.

Declaration of Conflicting Interests
The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect
to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Funding
The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

References
1. World Health Organization. Safety of medicines: a guide
to detecting and reporting adverse drug reactions. http://


http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/67378/1/WHO_EDM_QSM_2002.2.pdf

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017

Editorial, For Sale: FDA Priority Review Vouchers
Current FDA-Related Drug Information; Approvals, Submission, and Important Labeling Changes for US Marketed Pharmaceuticals
Summaries of Safety Labeling Changes Approved by the FDA: Boxed Warnings
ISMP Adverse Drug Reactions: Levofloxacin-Induced Neuroexcitation and Hallucinations Statin-Induced Muscle Rupture Mefloquine-Induced Rhabdomyolysis Methimazole-Induced
Critical Care Pharmacist Market Perceptions: Comparison of Critical Care Program Directors and Directors of Pharmacy
Capecitabine, Oxaliplatin, and Bevacizumab (BCapOx) Regimen for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Clinical Pharmacy Discharge Counseling Service and the Impact on Readmission Rates in High-Risk Patients
Mannitol Prescribing Practices With Cisplatin Before and After an Educational Newsletter Intervention
Pharmacists’ Knowledge of the Cost of Laboratory Testing
Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Practices Among United Arab Emirates Pharmacists and Prescribers
Postoperative Pain Management With Liposomal Bupivacaine in Patients Undergoing Orthopedic Knee and Hip Arthroplasty at a Community Hospital
Formulary Drug Reviews
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 317
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 318
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 319
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 320
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 321
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 322
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 323
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - Editorial, For Sale: FDA Priority Review Vouchers
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 325
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - Current FDA-Related Drug Information; Approvals, Submission, and Important Labeling Changes for US Marketed Pharmaceuticals
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - Summaries of Safety Labeling Changes Approved by the FDA: Boxed Warnings
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 328
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 329
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - ISMP Adverse Drug Reactions: Levofloxacin-Induced Neuroexcitation and Hallucinations Statin-Induced Muscle Rupture Mefloquine-Induced Rhabdomyolysis Methimazole-Induced
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 331
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 332
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 333
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - Critical Care Pharmacist Market Perceptions: Comparison of Critical Care Program Directors and Directors of Pharmacy
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 335
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 336
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 337
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 338
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 339
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 340
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - Capecitabine, Oxaliplatin, and Bevacizumab (BCapOx) Regimen for Metastatic Colorectal Cancer
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 342
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 343
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 344
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 345
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 346
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 347
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - Clinical Pharmacy Discharge Counseling Service and the Impact on Readmission Rates in High-Risk Patients
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 349
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 350
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 351
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 352
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - Mannitol Prescribing Practices With Cisplatin Before and After an Educational Newsletter Intervention
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 354
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 355
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 356
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - Pharmacists’ Knowledge of the Cost of Laboratory Testing
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 358
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 359
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 360
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - Adverse Drug Reaction Reporting Practices Among United Arab Emirates Pharmacists and Prescribers
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 362
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 363
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 364
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 365
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 366
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - Postoperative Pain Management With Liposomal Bupivacaine in Patients Undergoing Orthopedic Knee and Hip Arthroplasty at a Community Hospital
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 368
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 369
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 370
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 371
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 372
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 373
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - Formulary Drug Reviews
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 375
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 376
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 377
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 378
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 379
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 380
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 381
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 382
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 383
Hospital Pharmacy - May 2017 - 384
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_october2019
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/fai_201909
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_july2019
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_june2019
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/canadianpharmacistsjournal_05062019
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_april2019
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/sri_supplement_201903
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_february2019
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_december2018
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/tec_20180810
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_october2018
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_julyaugust2018
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/fai_201807
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_june2018
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_april2018
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/sri_supplement_201803
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/slas_discovery_201712
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_february2018
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_december2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_november2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_october2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_september2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_julyaugust2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/fai_supplement_201709
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_june2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/hospitalpharmacy_may2017
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/fai_201706
http://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/sage/fai_201607
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com