IRJ - March 2011 - (Page 56)
50th anniversary special
Reporting 50 years of news
For the last five decades IRJ has reported from around the globe on the latest developments in an ever-changing industry. IRJ’s editorial team takes a look back through 600 issues to chart the key events that have shaped our railways.
October: Pilot issue of IRJ published. Bids are invited for the rehabilitation of an 844km section of the Hedjaz Railway from Ma’an, Jordan, to Medina, Saudi Arabia. (Only the Jordanian section was ever rebuilt)
on the severing of rail links following construction of the wall separating the two halves of the city in 1961. November: The world’s first crewless freight trains start operation on a 10km line in Labrador, Canada, hauling crude ore 24-hours a day.
January: Publication of IRJ as a monthly magazine begins.
April: China draws up a 15-year plan to build 33,000km of new lines, which would more than double the size of the 30,203km network. May: BR chairman Dr Richard Beeching publishes his infamous report to close lines, cut passenger services and boost freight with new “liner” trains. June: Swiss study 45km tunnel to relieve the existing St Gotthard tunnel. (The new tunnel will ultimately open in 2017) August: IRJ reports on the ”Vogelfluglinie” rail-sea-rail link which opened on May 14 between Germany and Denmark.
January: Senator Claiborne Pell proposes the introduction of 160km/h services on the Boston - New York - Washington DC corridor, similar to that provided on Japan’s New Tokaido Line. February: Milan opens its first metro line. The 12.5km Red Line runs from Marelli in the north via the city centre to Lotto in the west. May: Spanish National Railways (Renfe) launches a $US 1.3 billion 10-year modernisation programme. July: German Federal Railway (DB) launches its first 200km/h service using its stylish new E03 electric locomotive.
line in Saudi Arabia. July: Construction is approved of a 426km heavy-duty line from Port Hedland to Mount Newman in Western Australia. Canadian National and New Haven Railroad prepare to launch revolutionary TurboTrains built by United Aircraft Corp (but they are bedevilled by numerous technical problems). October: Work is underway on construction of the first metro line in Mexico City.
The Soviet Union announces a 15-20 year railway development programme including the construction of 19,000km of new lines in Siberia. May: IRJ interviews Dr Richard Beeching, the new chairman of the British Transport Commission, who says the system may not be the right size. August: Colombia completes 672km Atlantic Railway from Puerto Salgar to Fundacion, which took nine years to build.
February: JNR to start construction in March of the New Sanyo Trunk Line from Osaka to Okayama. March: The Arab League approves the construction of a 500km Gulf railway from Iraq via Kuwait to join the existing
February: The Pennsylvania Railroad and the New York Central are allowed to merge to form the ill-fated Penn Central. June: Budd emus - later known as Metroliners - for Penn Central’s New York Washington DC line reach 270km/h in tests. September: Spain opens the 276km Madrid - Burgos direct line (which is now relegated to a secondary line). October: The first section of
January: The 938km Chihuahua Pacific Railway opens in Mexico, 62 years after construction started. February: Completion of the standard-gauge link in the Australian state of Victoria cuts the Melbourne - Sydney transit time for freight in half. August: IRJ reports from Berlin
March: JNR begins drilling pilot shafts for a tunnel under the sea between Honshu and Hokkaido (now known as the Seikan Tunnel). April: The British and French governments agree to proceed with a railway tunnel under the English Channel. “It seems there may be a considerable delay before the project is started due to numerous problems which still have to be settled.” July: London Transport starts driverless revenue operation on a 6.4km section of the Central Line. October: Japan opens New Tokaido Line, the world’s first high-speed railway. The 515km standard-gauge line linking Tokyo with Osaka has a maximum speed of 200km/h. IRJ’s founder, Robert G Lewis, reports from Japan on this milestone in railway history.
The 17.30 Le Arbalete Trans Europe Express (TEE) service to Zurich awaits departure from Paris Est on June 12 1966. Today these services are operated by TGVs. Photo: Brian Stephenson
January: Europe is about to adopt a standard automatic coupler, but it will cost $US 2 billion to implement. (Unfortunately we are still waiting) March: Electric services to start in April between London, Liverpool and Manchester on Britain’s West Coast Main Line. June: French test Aérotrain on 6km track. Speed was limited to 135km/h on first tests in February, but later trials should reach 200km/h.
IRJ March 2011
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of IRJ - March 2011
IRJ - March 2011
We Must Focus on the Needs of Our Customers
The Fall and Rise of Urban Rail Transport
Freight on the Move
American Freight: Still the Envy of the World
Breaking Down the Barriers
Track Maintenance: 50 Years of Progress
Rails: Harder, Faster, Stronger
Full Contact List
The Last Word
IRJ - March 2011