JIACD - July 2013 - (Page 49)
Wilcko et al
Clinical Assessment of Fluorosis and the
Effects of Mitigation Measures in Endemic Areas
of Mehsana, Gujarat, India
Ashish Sharma, BDS, PGDPHM1 • P.S. Ganguly, MD2 • Anjali Kothari, MDS3
Objective: The purpose of this study was
to assess the prevalence of Fluorosis in villages of North Gujarat and comparing it with
previous studies to know the effects of mitigation measures taken to curb Fluorosis.
Methods: A population based survey was done
in hundred families of ten villages in North Gujarat which were selected through purposive random sampling. These were the same families
which were studied in IWMI’s Study (2004)
by the team headed by Dr. Rajnarayan Indu and
Dr. Tushaar Shah. The fluoride levels of these villages were taken from IWMI’s Study (2004).
The clinical grading of Dental Fluorosis in these
people was done based on Dean’s Index criteria.
Results: The overall prevalence of Dental Fluorosis was 74.1 % among 282 people examined.
The prevalence rate of Musculoskeletal Fluorosis was 30.2%. Majority of the people were of
the view that there was no relief in Joint and
Back pain even after using Dharoi water which
was introduced for the villages of North Gujarat as the most sought after initiative to provide good quality water with less Fluoride.
Conclusion: The Fluorosis is still a major public
health problem in these villages of North Gujarat.
There seems to be quiet insignificant improvement
in the Fluorosis condition in these families. The
mitigation measure taken to curb Fluorosis like
Dharoi water supply seems to be inefficient due
to irregular and dirty supply of the water supplemented by the non-usage of Dharoi water due to
certain misconceptions as cited by the people.
KEY WORDS: Dean’s Index, Dharoi water supply, Fluoride, Musculoskeletal Fluorosis, Dental Fluorosis
1. Lecturer, Department of Public Health Dentistry, AMC Dental College & Hospital, Khokhara, Ahmedabad
2. Associate Professor, Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar- IIPHG
3. Professor and Head of Department of Conservative Dentistry and Endodontics, AMC Dental College, Ahmedabad
The Journal of Implant & Advanced Clinical Dentistry
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of JIACD - July 2013
JIACD - July 2013
Table of Contents
Alveolar Ridge Augmentation Using Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenic Protein (rhBMP-2): A Literature Review and Histologic Case Report
Accuracy of Implant Placement Using Modified Mucosa-Supported Steriolithographic Surgical Guide
Success of Early Loading Dental Implants on Deficient Anterior Maxillae Augmented with Block Allografts
Clinical Assessment of Fluorosis and the Effects of Mitigation Measures in Endemic Areas of Mehsana, Gujarat, India
JIACD - July 2013