Progressive Grocer - January 2011 - (Page 24)
Getting Your Message Out There
Retailers are evolving their advertising practices in response to consumers’ needs and expectations.
By Sachin Gupta, Rod Hawkes and Edward McLaughlin
strongly held notion among most businesses is that advertising drives sales. Economic theory also recognizes the important role played by advertising in shaping consumer demand. Yet, despite the agreement of practitioners and academics alike, surprisingly little research has been conducted on how retailers advertise and what constitute the critical criteria they use to establish their advertising programs. To gain access to consumers, manufacturers need to understand retailers’ standard advertising practices, and similarly, retailers themselves need knowledge about the advertising processes of their competitors for maximum differentiation and sales effectiveness.
In part to remedy this gap, we surveyed U.S. food wholesalers and retailers in 2010 about their advertising practices. Although complete results are still in preparation, this article summarizes several top-line ﬁndings. Strategy and Organization. As expected, virtually all respondents conﬁrmed that advertising is driven by the overall marketing strategy of the company. Further, ad strategy guides decisions relating to media selection, level and timing of expenditures, and the development of speciﬁc advertising vehicles. For slightly over two-thirds of companies, an internal advertising committee is responsible for ad strategy, whereas in other companies (23 percent) a single individual holds the responsibility. For some independent supermarkets (9 percent), an external wholesaler-based group is responsible. Retailers primarily advertise weekly promotions with the goal of boosting immediate trafﬁc and sales. To achieve this, they tend to favor certain types of communication channels for their advertising spending, which differ markedly from the TV-dominated ad expenditures of their suppliers. Newspapers still remain the most popular medium for retail food ads, although newspaper proportion of total retail ad spending has declined over the past three years and is forecast by our sample to decline still further in the near future. Not surprisingly, the Internet is taking up much of the slack: Compared with three years ago, when retail Internet ad spending totaled less than 2 percent of total ad spending, retailers expect Internet spending to be nearly 12 percent of the total in three years, a ﬁvefold increase. Role of Manufacturers. Much conventional industry wisdom holds that retail grocery ads are determined by the extent of manufacturer funding. Our retailers say otherwise. For the three media types employed by retailers that account for roughly two-thirds of ad spending — newspaper inserts, TV and radio — the majority of its ad funding doesn’t come from manufacturers. Retailers estimated that only 25 percent of the total cost to print/distribute their ads and 47 percent of the total markdown was offset by supplier funding. Thus, while manufacturer funding is hardly inconsequential, it doesn’t seem to play the dominant role.
A H E A D O F W H AT ’ S N E X T
Explaining Retailer Ads. It would hardly be surprising if retailers took competitor actions into account in their own ad budgeting and planning. On the other hand, developing one’s own ads as a sole function of competitor ads is likely to be unwise, not to mention unproﬁtable. Developing strategy based on competitor moves instead of internal strengths is often a recipe for failure. So it’s perhaps reassuring that most retailers report that the most important variables determining their circular format, size and length are internally focused: overall sales and trafﬁc the year before, the company’s ﬁnancial results, and paper/printing costs. Front-page Strategies Differ From Interior. Commonly, retailers strive to reinforce their company brand message and competitive position on the front (and, less often, the back) page of their ads, generally with special attention to hot prices. For the front page, competitive positioning and potential for trafﬁc generation count the most in establishing prices; however, in the ad’s interior pages, ﬁnancial considerations take over — manufacturer cost and gross margin generated by the ad. With traditional vehicles becoming less prominent in the future and retailers shifting emphasis toward television and online advertising, manufacturers will be challenged to ﬁnd creative ways to drive consumers to their own brands using new methods. ■ The authors are at Cornell University in the following capacities: Gupta is Henrietta Johnson Louis professor of management and professor of marketing, S.C. Johnson Graduate School of Management; Hawkes is senior extension associate, Food Industry Management Program in the Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management; and McLaughlin is Robert G. Tobin professor of marketing and director of the Food Industry Management Program. For more information, contact email@example.com.
• Progressive Grocer • January 2011
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Progressive Grocer - January 2011
Progressive Grocer - January 2011
Table of Contents
Nielsen’s Shelf Stoppers/ Spotlight: Medications and Remedies/antacids
Mintel Global New Products: Salty Snacks, Meat Snacks and Popcorn, Q2-Q3 2010
Best Practices: Are We There Yet?
Store of the Month Special Edition: My H-E-B
Marketing: Circular Paradox
Gma President’s Note: United We Stand
Pg Special Events: Pg Honors 2010 Top Women, Green Grocers at Gala Event
Retailer Spotlight: Winn-Dixie’s Awakening
Category Management: Mutual Benefi Ts
Special Section: Progressive Grocer Independent: For Retailers, by Retailers
Condiments: A Matter of Taste
Butter/margarine: Promise for the Future
Desserts: Sweet Solutions
Energy Drinks/shots: Energy Drinks Get a Jolt
Winter Produce: Season of Plenty
Meat Merchandising Study: Meat to Meals
Candles/Air Fresheners: Beyond Common Scents
Front End: The Front End Checkout: A Microeconomic Model of the Store
Cough and Cold: A Tissue Please?
Whole Health: Feeling Good in 2011
Futuretech: It’s a Mad, Mobile World
Progressive Voices: Retailers’ Value Equation = Customer-Benefit Costing
Ovens and Rotisseries: Heating Up
What’s Next: Editors’ Picks for Innovative Products
Progressive Grocer - January 2011