Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 34

TABLE 1. Characteristics of participants in the milk and dairy product mental model by
residence and milk preference (χ2) (cont.)
Gender: Pasteurized P = 0.057, Unpasteurized P = 0.411, Variable P = 0.081
Age: Pasteurized P = 0.250, Unpasteurized P = 0.041, Variable P = 0.014
c
Education: Pasteurized P = 0.449, Unpasteurized P = 0.170, Variable P = 0.188
d
Income: Pasteurized P = 0.059, Unpasteurized P = 0.098, Variable P = 0.002
e
Ethnicity: Pasteurized P = 0.012, Unpasteurized P = 0.033, Variable P = 0.0.014
f
Relevant hazard experience, self: Hazard experience, self - participant previous experience with foodborne illness;
Pasteurized P = 0.234, Unpasteurized P < 0.001, Variable P < 0.001
g
Relevant hazard experience, other family or friends: Hazard experience, other family of friends - significant others previous
experience with foodborne illness; Pasteurized P = 0.034, Unpasteurized P < 0.001, Variable P < 0.001
h
Political philosophy: Pasteurized P = 0.075, Unpasteurized P = 0.014, Variable P = 0.338
I
Libertarian: Pasteurized P = 0.212, Unpasteurized P = 0.227, Variable P = 0.860
a
b

sumers (P = 0.059) or unpasteurized milk consumers (P =
0.098). However, the overall variable was significant (P =
0.002), principally because of differences between the pasteurized milk consumption, urban/rural groups for the $75K
to $99K response option, and because of differences within
the residency groups for the > $100K response option. Ethnicity, overall, differed among milk consumption groups (P
= 0.014). More white/non-Hispanic respondents were consumers of pasteurized milk than of unpasteurized milk, and
the greatest proportion of this ethnicity lived in rural areas (P
= 0.012). Few respondents represented ethnicities other than
white/Caucasian; however, it is notable that the proportion
of Hispanic/Latino, American Indian/Alaska natives, and
multi-racial/multi-ethnic respondents was greater among
consumers of unpasteurized milk (P = 0.033).
Relevant Hazard Experience, Self (P < 0.001) differed
for the unpasteurized milk groups (P < 0.001), but not
for the pasteurized groups (P = 0.234). The proportion
of respondents answering, "Yes, medical care" was higher
among the urban group respondents than for the rural
group. Relevant Hazard Experience, Other Family or Friends
differed among the respondents in both milk consumption
groups. Like Hazard Experience, Self, the urban groups were
more likely to answer, "Yes, self-care" or "Yes, medical care"
(P = 0.034). The unpasteurized groups were more likely to
respond that they "did not know" if anyone they knew had
experienced a foodborne illness, denied that no one they
knew had had a foodborne illness, or if others had an illness,
then the illness resolved without medical care (P < 0.001).
The overall variable was also statistically significant (P <
0.001).
No differences were found for the variable Libertarian;
likewise, no differences were found for political philosophy
for the pasteurized milk groups (P = 0.075). However,

34

Food Protection Trends January/February

political philosophy differed for the unpasteurized milk
consumption group (P = 0.014). The unpasteurized milk
group was more likely to claim to be very liberal or liberal,
compared to the pasteurized milk group. The overall variable
(P = 0.338) was not statistically significant.
Perceived hazard characteristics
Non-parametric variables from the Perceived Hazard
Characteristics construct were analyzed by Chi-Square
analysis (Table 2). The differences in the overall Personal
Control, Self-protection variable (P = 0.007) were accounted
for by differences in Disagree and Strongly Agree response
choices. Responses for those who primarily consumed
unpasteurized milk products also differed (P = 0.001).
More rural unpasteurized milk consumers disagreed
that the immune system self-protects against foodborne
illnesses. In contrast, urban unpasteurized milk consumers
strongly agreed that self-immunity protects against
foodborne illnesses. Differences were not found among
consumers of pasteurized milk (P = 0.874). The belief that
respondents have control over the type of milk products
they consume was mostly positive (e.g., Agree and Strongly
Agree responses) among both pasteurized (P = 0.038) and
unpasteurized (P < 0.001) milk consumers from both urban
and rural areas. A portion of the rural unpasteurized milk
consumers disagreed that they have a choice of the type of
milk they consume, which most likely contributed to the
high significance level for the unpasteurized milk categorical
variable (P < 0.001).
Parametric variables used in the mental model analysis
are shown in Table 3. Risk judgment differed by residence
(P = 0.001), with urban residents responding they were
more likely than rural residents to believe that consuming
unpasteurized milk products increases risks of serious illness.



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018

Assessing the Usage of Food Thermometers at American University Football Tailgates
An Assessment of Potential Heavy Metal Contaminants in Bivalve Shellfish from Aquaculture Zones along the Coast of New South Wales, Australia
Mental Models of Pasteurized and Unpasteurized Milk Product Consumption in the United States
Sanitary Carcass Dressing and Food Safety Practices in South Central U.S. Small and Very Small Establishments Manufacturing Fresh and Not-Ready-to-Eat Pork Products
Beyond the Bio - Joe Frank
PDG Highlight The Dairy Safety & Quality Professional Development Group
General Interest Paper The Role of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in the Fight against Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)
Industry Products
Coming Events
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Cover1
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Cover2
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 1
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 2
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 3
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 4
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 5
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 6
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 7
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Assessing the Usage of Food Thermometers at American University Football Tailgates
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 9
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 10
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 11
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 12
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 13
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 14
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 15
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 16
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 17
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - An Assessment of Potential Heavy Metal Contaminants in Bivalve Shellfish from Aquaculture Zones along the Coast of New South Wales, Australia
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 19
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 20
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 21
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 22
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 23
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 24
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 25
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 26
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Mental Models of Pasteurized and Unpasteurized Milk Product Consumption in the United States
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 28
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 29
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 30
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 31
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 32
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 33
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 34
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 35
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 36
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 37
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 38
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 39
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 40
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 41
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 42
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 43
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 44
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 45
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 46
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 47
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 48
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 49
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 50
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 51
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Sanitary Carcass Dressing and Food Safety Practices in South Central U.S. Small and Very Small Establishments Manufacturing Fresh and Not-Ready-to-Eat Pork Products
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 53
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 54
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 55
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 56
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 57
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 58
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 59
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 60
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 61
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 62
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 63
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 64
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 65
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 66
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 67
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Beyond the Bio - Joe Frank
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 69
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 70
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - PDG Highlight The Dairy Safety & Quality Professional Development Group
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - General Interest Paper The Role of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in the Fight against Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 73
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 74
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 75
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 76
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 77
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 78
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 79
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 80
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 81
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Industry Products
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 83
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 84
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 85
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 86
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 87
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Coming Events
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Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Cover4
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