Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 78

Scientific advice on regulated products
EFSA is also involved in the assessment of applications
for certain regulated products and substances before
they can be approved for use in food and feed in the EU.
AMR-related concerns are taken into consideration when
applications are assessed in a number of areas, such as feed
additives, chemical decontamination of foods of animal
origin and genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
As an example, as provided for in Regulation (EC) No
429/2008, strains of microorganisms intended for use as
feed additives or as a source of feed additives shall not
contribute further to the reservoir of AMR genes already
present in the gut flora of animals and the environment.
Consequently, all strains of bacteria shall be tested for
resistance to antimicrobials in use in human and veterinary
medicine. To allow differentiation between resistant and
susceptible microorganisms, the FEEDAP Panel produced
a Guidance on the assessment of bacterial susceptibility to
antimicrobials of human and veterinary importance (25),
currently under revision. Where resistance is detected, the
genetic basis of the resistance and the likelihood of transfer
of resistance to other gut-inhabiting organisms shall be
established. Strains of microorganisms carrying an acquired
resistance to antimicrobials shall not be used as feed
additives, unless it can be demonstrated that resistance is
a result of chromosomal mutations and it is not transferable.
ONE HEALTH APPROACH
AMR is a global problem. As already mentioned, humans
can acquire AMR bacteria and AMR determinants from
many different sources and routes, including other humans,
food-producing animals, pets and the environment. Therefore, it needs to be approached from different angles, and
successful measures can be derived only from collaboration
across different sectors, including the human and veterinary ones, in accordance with the One Health approach, as
stated by all major international organizations (29, 30, 32)
and by the European Commission and the Council of the
EU (4, 28).
EU agencies responsible for different AMR aspects
closely collaborate in the One Health spirit, to analyse the
AMR challenge from different angles and provide the EU
risk manager and Member States with scientific advice that
tackles AMR challenges from different perspectives. For
example, when providing advice on measures to be put in
place to reduce the use of and need to use antimicrobials
in food-producing animals, EMA and EFSA (27) emphasize that national strategies and action plans should be
developed by the Member States, taking into account the
One Health aspects of AMR to integrate actions on the
veterinary and human sides. Several other examples of EU
interagency collaboration exist, some of which have been
mentioned in this paper, with regard to both the collection
and analysis of AMR monitoring data from humans and
animals (5, 6, 8, 9) and joint assessments (10, 11, 26, 27).
78

Food Protection Trends January/February

Given the rapidity with which AMR-bacteria can spread
internationally, collaboration at the global level is also
crucial to addressing the fight against AMR. Therefore
EFSA is also involved in international initiatives, such as
the activities of the Transatlantic Task Force on Antimicrobial Resistance (TATFAR) and Codex Alimentarius.
For example, EFSA has provided ad hoc scientific advice
to the European Commission in relation to the possible
links between the use of rBST in dairy cows and AMR,
discussed by the Codex Joint Expert Committee on Food
Additives (20).
To support and follow new developments on the field,
EFSA is also funding research projects dealing with
antimicrobial resistance and use of WGS (e.g., ENGAGE,
INNUENDO) and is a member of the external advisory
boards of EU-funded research projects dealing with AMR
(e.g., EFFORT, COMPARE).
RISK COMMUNICATION
Besides risk assessment and scientific advice, EFSA is
also responsible for risk communication on food safety
topics. Consumers also play an important role in the AMR
fight, and awareness on the part of society of AMR can
lead to changes in attitudes and behaviors that can have a
positive impact on AMR (27). Therefore EFSA is investing
in providing clear communication on this aspect by means
of news stories and press releases, as well as interactive
tools to inform the general public on the results of its
risk assessments, such as videos and infographics, also in
collaboration with other EU agencies, which are available
on the EFSA Web site.
FINAL CONSIDERATIONS
AMR is a global threat, and resistance among bacteria has
increased in recent decades, following misuse and abuse of
antimicrobials in both food-producing animals and humans.
This poses a serious risk to public health, and there is a
need for prompt action against this threat at all levels, in
accordance with the One Health approach.
EFSA has a prominent role in the AMR area in the EU and
at the international level. In close cooperation with other EU
agencies, such as ECDC and EMA, EFSA provides scientific
and technical advice to allow risk managers to make sciencebased decisions to fight against AMR.
EFSA also has an active role in the design of AMR
monitoring in food-producing animals and food, advising
Member States on the implementation of monitoring,
collecting and analyzing related data, as well as performing
AMR monitoring at the EU level. Monitoring the AMR
situation in food-producing animals and food and
incrementing its implementation is crucial to identifying
priority areas for action, detecting emerging threats and
assessing the effectiveness of the measures taken. Further
development of harmonized systems for monitoring
AMC and AMR is recommended, integrating data from



Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018

Assessing the Usage of Food Thermometers at American University Football Tailgates
An Assessment of Potential Heavy Metal Contaminants in Bivalve Shellfish from Aquaculture Zones along the Coast of New South Wales, Australia
Mental Models of Pasteurized and Unpasteurized Milk Product Consumption in the United States
Sanitary Carcass Dressing and Food Safety Practices in South Central U.S. Small and Very Small Establishments Manufacturing Fresh and Not-Ready-to-Eat Pork Products
Beyond the Bio - Joe Frank
PDG Highlight The Dairy Safety & Quality Professional Development Group
General Interest Paper The Role of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in the Fight against Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)
Industry Products
Coming Events
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Cover1
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Cover2
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 1
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 2
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 3
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 4
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 5
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 6
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 7
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Assessing the Usage of Food Thermometers at American University Football Tailgates
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 9
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 10
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 11
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 12
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 13
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 14
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 15
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 16
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 17
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - An Assessment of Potential Heavy Metal Contaminants in Bivalve Shellfish from Aquaculture Zones along the Coast of New South Wales, Australia
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 19
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 20
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 21
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 22
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 23
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 24
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 25
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 26
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Mental Models of Pasteurized and Unpasteurized Milk Product Consumption in the United States
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 28
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 29
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 30
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 31
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 32
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 33
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 34
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 35
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 36
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 37
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 38
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 39
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 40
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 41
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 42
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 43
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 44
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 45
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 46
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 47
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 48
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 49
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 50
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 51
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Sanitary Carcass Dressing and Food Safety Practices in South Central U.S. Small and Very Small Establishments Manufacturing Fresh and Not-Ready-to-Eat Pork Products
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 53
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 54
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 55
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 56
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 57
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 58
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 59
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 60
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 61
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 62
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 63
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 64
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 65
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 66
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 67
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Beyond the Bio - Joe Frank
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 69
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 70
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - PDG Highlight The Dairy Safety & Quality Professional Development Group
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - General Interest Paper The Role of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) in the Fight against Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 73
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 74
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 75
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 76
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 77
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 78
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 79
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 80
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 81
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Industry Products
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 83
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 84
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 85
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 86
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - 87
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Coming Events
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Cover3
Food Protection Trends - January/February 2018 - Cover4
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