Cornerstone - Winter 2015 - (Page 14)
What Will It Take for CCS to Have
a Future in the European Union?
By Samuela Bassi
Policy Analyst, Grantham Research Institute
on Climate Change and the Environment,
London School of Economics and Political Science
arbon capture and storage (CCS) can play a considerable role in tackling global climate change. By capturing
CO2 and storing it underground, CCS allows coal- and
gas-fired power stations to produce low-emissions electricity.
Furthermore, it is the only technology that can reduce carbon
emissions from large industrial installations, such as steel and
cement plants. If successfully applied to bio-energy generators, CCS technology could also result in "negative emissions",
that is, it could actually remove CO2 from the atmosphere.
For these reasons CCS is included in a wide range of authoritative energy models forecasting future low-carbon energy
portfolios, including models developed by the International
Energy Agency (IEA)1 and those included in the Fifth Assessment
Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
(IPCC).2 Most analysts agree that it may be much more expensive, if not infeasible, to limit warming to 2°C without CCS.
The case for CCS is also strong in the European Union. All the
scenarios developed in the EU's Energy Roadmap 2050, which
aims to reduce emissions by 80-95% below 1990 levels by
2050, involve using CCS.3 According to these scenarios, CCS
should be applied to between 7 and 32% of electricity generation in the EU by 2050.
To achieve the emission reductions outlined in the Energy
Roadmap 2050 scenarios, CCS must be deployed in Europe
from 2020 onward. However, momentum for CCS on the
continent appears to have dwindled, and progress has been
"The EU and its member states
must show much greater urgency
and determination to develop
and deploy CCS."
A recently published study by the Grantham Research Institute
at the London School of Economics and Political Science and
the Grantham Institute at Imperial College investigates the
barriers to CCS development in the European Union and
The White Rose project in the UK is one of two CCS projects advancing in the country. (Credit: Capture Power)
Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Cornerstone - Winter 2015
From the Editor: Learning From Positive Outcomes on Land Reclamation
CoverStory: Returning Mined Land to Productivity Through Reclamation
Working Alongside the Great Barrier Reef
What Will It Take for CCS to Have a
Future in the European Union?
The Implications of the U.S. EPA’s Clean Power Plan
Upholding Strong Environmental Values:
A Key Strategy at Arch Coal
The Colowyo Mine: A Case Study for Successful Mine Reclamation
Detailing Yancoal Australia’s Reclamation Best Practices
Reclaiming Indian Mines
Mining Site Restoration by Spontaneous
Processes in the Czech Republic
DICE—A Step Change Opportunity for Coal?Mackenzie
Construction and Operation of the Shenhua Anqing
High-Efficiency, Low-Emissions Power Plant
Cryogenic Carbon Capture™ as a Holistic Approach
to a Low-Emissions Energy System
Catalyzing Coal Conversion Globally:
An Exclusive Interview With Li Yong-Wang of Synfuels China
Volume 3 Author Index
Cornerstone - Winter 2015
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