District Administration August 2016 - 47

focused after-school program and it is based on the Next Generation Science Standards. Effective after-school programs align instruction with the school-day curriculum-for example, using a cooking class to reinforce lessons about fractions. Afterschool programs may also promote handson, project-based approaches to learning. Advocates say programs can also foster critical non-cognitive skills, such as empathy, teamwork and relationship-building. Districts and community partners like the YMCA or the Boys & Girls Clubs operate after-school programs that help students "think about careers they may have never explored, that help them build confidence, that help them learn to interact with other kids, that help them realize their studies are important," says Jodi Grant, executive director of the Afterschool Alliance, which works to promote quality and equity in after-school programming. While wealthy families annually spend thousands of dollars more than poor families on out-of-school enrichment for their children, advocates see after-school programs as an important tool for closing the opportunity gap. In Sipe's district, where most students are Hispanic, the after-school STEM Academy offers mini-courses on such topics as "Kids in rural areas have all the talent and none of the access." -Heidi Sipe, superintendent, Umatilla School District, Oregon robotics, computer coding and bike-building. Students Skype monthly with mentors from tech companies and take field trips to the Portland headquarters of Intel. "Kids in rural areas have all the talent and none of the access," Sipe says. "We try to use the after-school program as a way to build access to different career options." How to cover costs The biggest barrier to expanding afterschool programs is money. Programs often rely on parent fees-the Afterschool Alliance says parents pay, on average, $113.50 per week-or stitch together a patchwork of federal grants, state and local funding, and contributions from community partners. Staff may include local college students considering careers in education, community volunteers interested in teaching particular topics or district employees willing to extend their work days. In Huntsville, parents pay the contractor $45 a week for daily attendance in the Afterschool Labs program, and the district retains 13 percent of the revenue. At two low-income schools, 130 students attend for free or at reduced cost, with Appleton and the district sharing the cost. Appleton hires and trains its own staff, saving the district money and hassle. "They're no longer your employees. You're not having to pay benefits, you're not having to worry about the turnover," says Vasile of Huntsville schools. And the $400,000 annual cost of Umatilla's program, which is free for all district students, is covered entirely with outside money, including a grant from the federal government's $1.1 billion 21st Century Community Learning Centers program. Sipe staffs the program with district employees and with her high school students, who undergo state-provided child care training. "We spend zero district dollars on this program," says Sipe-something she's had to explain to skeptical local taxpayers. "The programs look really expensive and challenging from the outside, but Top 10 states for after-school programs WA ME MT ND VT MN OR ID NH CA AZ PA IA NE UT IL CO KS MO OK NM OH IN WV AR HI VA NC TN RI NJ DE MD KY DC SC MS TX CT MI WY NV MA NY WI SD AL GA AK LA FL Source: Afterschool Alliance www.DistrictAdministration.com August 2016 47 http://www.DistrictAdministration.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of District Administration August 2016

District Administration August 2016 - Cover1
District Administration August 2016 - Cover2
District Administration August 2016 - 1
District Administration August 2016 - 2
District Administration August 2016 - 3
District Administration August 2016 - 4
District Administration August 2016 - 5
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District Administration August 2016 - Cover3
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