University Business October 2017 - 36

IS EARLY COLLEGE WORKING?
states require students be in at least
grade 11.
"Even students with the right test
scores and GPAs might still not succeed," says Jason Taylor, assistant professor of higher education at the University
of Utah, adding that students earning
college credit within their high school
classrooms are at more risk of failing
compared to those taking the courses in
college classrooms.
Taylor believes providing early-college
students with academic supports that traditional students have-such as access to
the academic library, tutoring and counseling-is a key component to helping
them meet college-level standards.
Some states have established readiness criteria. According to the Education
Commission of the States, which assessed
nationwide eligibility requirements for
dual enrollment programs:
* Twenty-five states require students to
meet course prerequisites.
* Seventeen require written approval or
letters of recommendation.
* Six require a minimum GPA.
* Other states place few limitations on
who can enroll.
The commission also found that just
one-quarter of college professors believe
incoming freshman are prepared for college-level work.
Johnson State College, a public institution that participates in a Vermont-run
early college program, assesses the readiness of dual enrollment students, who
can enroll in two courses, in much the
same way it evaluates incoming freshmen. The process includes an application, high school transcript, written recommendation and interview.
Early college students completing
their senior year of high school and freshman year of college on Johnson State's
campus undergo a similar review. These
students are also required to take a noncredit Early College Seminar and are
paired with peer mentors.
"Because of the process leading up to
enrollment, very few high school students
are not successful in the program," says
Joye Lyon, associate director of admissions at the college.
36 | October 2017

Dual enrollment by the numbers

8

Number of states that
eliminated all or most
tuition costs for students
in dual enrollment
programs

11%

Ninth-grade students
in dual enrollment
programs who came
from high-poverty
backgrounds

6

Institutions that discount
tuition for dual enrollment,
with two-thirds of these
colleges offering more
than a 50% discount

ACCESS AND AID

44

Postsecondary institutions
participating in a pilot program
that allows high school students
to access approximately $20
million in federal Pell Grants to
cover the costs of tuition for
college credit courses

Number of states that
require a minimum gradepoint average for students
to be admitted to dual
enrollment programs

17

Number of states requiring
written permission from a
teacher, guidance counselor
or homeschool advisor for
students to be eligible for
dual enrollment

ADMISSION
Sources: ACT, AACRAO, U.S. Department of
Education, Education Commission of the States,
American Institutes for Research

58%

ENROLLMENT AND
COMPLETION

81%

Students participating in dual enrollment
who enrolled in college
(compared with 72% of
comparison groups)

25%

Dual enrollment students
who earned college degrees
during a two-year study
compared with 5 percent of
their peers

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