Baking & Snack - September 2015 - 18

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Review urges caution on sat fat guidance

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Saturated fats were not associated with
all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, coronary heart disease, ischemic
stroke or type 2 diabetes in a systematic review funded by the World Health
Organization (WHO). Any health effects
associated with replacing saturated fats
in products may depend on what ingredients replace them, according to the review, which appeared online in the BMJ.
Trans fats, on the other hand, were associated with all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease and coronary heart
disease mortality in the review
"Dietary guidelines must carefully
consider the health effects of recommendations for alternative macronutrients to
replace trans fat and saturated fats," the
authors of the review said.
Few observational studies have modeled the effect of replacing saturated fat or
trans fat with other nutrients, they said.
"In large prospective studies, when
polyunsaturated fats replace saturated
fats, risk of coronary heart disease (CHD)
is reduced but not when MUFA (monounsaturated fatty acids) or carbohydrate
is the replacement choice," they said.
Dietary advice tends to recommend limiting intake of both saturated fat and trans fat. The American
Heart Association recommends healthy
Americans over age 2 limit their saturated fat intake to less than 7% of total daily
calories and their trans fat intake to less
than 1%. The 2015 Dietary Guidelines
Advisory Committee recommended
people limit daily saturated fat intake to
less than 10% of total calories. The WHO

Trans fats continue to be associated with all-cause
mortality and coronary heart disease while dietary advice
recommends limiting some saturated fats.
Istock

said lowering saturated fat intake to less
than 10% of total energy intake and trans
fats to less than 1% reduces the risk of
developing non-communicable diseases.
The study appearing in the BMJ involved researchers from McMaster
University and Hamilton Health Sciences
in Hamilton, ON, as well as from the
University of Toronto and the Hospital
for Sick Children in Toronto. They examined 41 primary reports of associations between saturated fats and health
outcomes in prospective cohort studies
published between 1981 and 2014.
Risks were associated with what ingredients replaced saturated fat. A pooled analysis of 11 prospective cohort studies found
replacement of saturated fat with polyunsaturated fat reduced coronary risk by 13%.
Researchers said foods high in saturated fat, particularly processed and
red meat, have been associated with increased mortality and risk of cancer, but
dairy foods were not consistently associated with cancers.
"The association between certain
foods and CHD cannot be predicted
solely by their content of total saturated
fats because individual saturated fats
might have different cardiovascular effects, and major food sources of saturated fats contain other constituents that
could influence risk of CHD," the researchers said.
- Jeff Gelski, Milling & Baking News


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Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Baking & Snack - September 2015

http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2018_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_05_02
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2005_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2005_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2003_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2003_11_01
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