Baking & Snack - August 2016 - 65

FORMULATION

THE

Salt

HEAVY

LIFTER
Even as a 'small' ingredient in bakery
formulation, salt carries a big weight
from a functional perspective.
by Charlotte Atchley

S

Salt's importance in the bakery is most evident in the fact that
even in the simplest bread formulation - flour, yeast, water
and salt - its presence makes a big difference. Though considered a micro ingredient, salt carries important functions.
"Salt has three major functional roles in baking: enhancing
flavor, strengthening protein and controlling yeast fermentation," said Marie Thomas, vice-president of innovation, bakery
ingredients, AB Mauri North America. "While standard salt
levels found in baked goods only average around 2% of ingredients (on a flour weight basis), it makes a large impact on dough
processing, yeast activity and finished taste profiles. On a commercial scale, salt plays an important role in extending the shelf
life of products, and it impacts the dough's rheology."
In various bakery applications, these different functions carry more weight than in others. For example, in products relying
heavily on gluten, yeast stabilization and protein strengthening
rise to the top. In products where gluten isn't as important, flavor takes center stage.
"In baked goods leavened with baking soda or baking powder, such as cookies, muffins and biscuits, salt still serves the
same functional properties," said Chef Scott Keys, manager, culinary operations, Nu-Tek Salt. "However, despite its decreased
role in the functional sense, the role of salt, in this case, becomes increasingly important to the overall flavor and mouthfeel of this variety of finished goods."
But all the same, changes in salt content will have an impact
on finished products, whether in structure, texture and mouthfeel, or flavor.

Stabilize the yeast
In yeast-raised baked goods, salt plays an vital role in stabilizing the yeast. Yeast needs the water present in bread or cracker

www.bakingandsnack.com / August 2016 Baking & Snack 65


http://www.bakingandsnack.com

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Baking & Snack - August 2016

http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2019_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2018_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2018_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2017_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2016_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_05_02
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2015_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2014_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2013_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2012_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2011_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2010_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2009_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2008_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2007_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_11_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_10_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_09_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_08_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_07_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_06_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_05_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_04_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_03_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2006_02_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2005_12_01
http://www.nxtbook.com/sosland/bs/2005_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2005_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_11_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_10_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_09_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_08_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_07_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_06_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_05_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_04_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_03_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2004_02_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2003_12_01
http://digitalbs.bakingbusiness.com/sosland/bs/2003_11_01
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com