Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 80

BY-PRODUCTS

recovering. “Every day, the economy is coming back on an upswing,” he says. “So you’re seeing more nice leather seats of significant value, since there’s more demand for them now.” Most hides from cattle in this country go overseas – they’re exported. “Ninety-five to 97 percent of US hides get exported mainly to three places: China, South Korea and Italy,” he adds. Then what happens? “The finished leather products are made in those places, and then the products are imported back into the US for sale,” he continues. Cargill’s Troutman tells how cattle hooves are used to make a number of products. “The toenail itself can be ground up and in some cases used for dog treats and ‘pig ears’ – most go to rendering.” What about tails? “If you’re talking about the switch end of

the tail, the oxtail is saved for soups. The end can go into pet chews,” he says. Most hooves go to rendering and are ground up for tallow, meat and bone meal, he adds. Tongues are edible and are sold in the US and exported to Mexico, Russia and Japan, if it meets the government’s requirements there. Variety meats are 50-50 between the US and overseas. Cargill’s McMahon noted all products left over not considered edible go to meat and bone meal and a liquid, which is tallow. Other products can include cosmetics, plastics, rubber and tires. Meat and bone meal is a product of the rendering industry, McMahon says. It is primarily used as an animal feed, he adds. Feeding of this product to cattle was thought to contribute to the spread of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), so in most places it is no longer al-

lowed to be fed to ruminant animals. By-products are still used to feed single-chamber stomach animals, and is commonly used as a low-cost meat in dog and cat food. It also goes into poultry feed; with a small amount also being used in swine feed. A lot is exported to countries like Indonesia. Edible tallow is another by-product that goes to the refining business and is also used as cooking oil, McMahon says. Some high-end pet foods make use of edible tallow. Troutman adds blood is also used as a by-product. “Whole blood is taken and split, the white from the red cells. White cells are plasma. Some is used in pet food, but most of this fi nds its use in baby pig starter feed,” he says. “Eighty percent of ‘blood meal’, which is what the red blood cells are called, is used in dairy feeds,” Troutman says.

Rendering
Rendering is the major process of taking by-products from animals after slaughter not being used for human food and turning them into valuable products. Taking a large part of each animal and bird to rendering is what makes the by-product industry so successful. Meeker says virtually all inedible parts of turkeys, for example, including feathers, blood, offal and fat, are rendered and put to good use. Meeker says two of the most important markets for animal by-products are animal feed and the oleo chemical industry for animal fats. Chicken and turkey processors, as well as renderers, are involved in manufacture of these products. In fact, he says, many renderers burn fats directly in their own boilers, depending on the markets and prices of other fuels. “Other than fuels, there have been very few alternative uses that approach the value of feed ingredients,” Meeker says. “I have heard of some encouraging preliminary research on the use of feather meal to make biodegradable nursery pots, a technology that may also work for meat and bone meal,

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80 • Meat&Poultry • March 2011 • www.MeatPoultry.com



Meat&Poultry - March 2011

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Meat&Poultry - March 2011

Meat&Poultry - March 2011
Commentary - Defense mechanisms
Hormel earnings up 34 percent in first quarter
Cargill introduces Fressure patties
Maple Leaf earnings hit by input costs
Sanderson Farms touts record FY2010
Grant allows XL Foods to double capacity
Townsends poultry ops sold after bankruptcy
JBS reports positive results of food-safety technology
Taco Bell launches new beef image TV ads
Catfish inspection gets political
Sustainability strides
E xperience counts
THE TOP 125 PROCESSORS - Winner’s circle
THE TOP 125 PROCESSORS - Alphabetical listing by company name
THE TOP 125 PROCESSORS - by rank
Small Business Matters - Duty calls
Food Ingredient Solutions - Delectable pairings
Processing Innovations - Everything but the squeal
Sanitation - Cleaning passion
Food Safety - Reassigning resources
Food Safety - Food-safety fortress
Packaging Solutions - Packaging under pressure
New Product Rollouts - Unveiling ideas
New Products
Labor - Questioning benefi ts
Names in the News
New Product Showcase
Classified Advertising
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Meat&Poultry - March 2011
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 2
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 3
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 4
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 5
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 6
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 7
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Commentary - Defense mechanisms
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 9
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Hormel earnings up 34 percent in first quarter
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 11
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Maple Leaf earnings hit by input costs
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 13
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Sanderson Farms touts record FY2010
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 15
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Townsends poultry ops sold after bankruptcy
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 17
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Taco Bell launches new beef image TV ads
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 19
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Catfish inspection gets political
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 21
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Sustainability strides
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 23
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 24
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 25
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 26
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 27
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 28
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 29
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - E xperience counts
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 31
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 32
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 33
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 34
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 35
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - THE TOP 125 PROCESSORS - Winner’s circle
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 37
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - THE TOP 125 PROCESSORS - Alphabetical listing by company name
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 39
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 40
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 41
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 42
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - THE TOP 125 PROCESSORS - by rank
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 44
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 45
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 46
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 47
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 48
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 49
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 50
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Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 54
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 55
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 56
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 57
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 58
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 59
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 60
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 61
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Small Business Matters - Duty calls
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 63
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 64
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 65
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 66
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 67
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Food Ingredient Solutions - Delectable pairings
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 69
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 70
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 71
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 72
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 73
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 74
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 75
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Processing Innovations - Everything but the squeal
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 77
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 78
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 79
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 80
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 81
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 82
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Sanitation - Cleaning passion
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Food Safety - Reassigning resources
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 85
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 86
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 87
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Food Safety - Food-safety fortress
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 89
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 90
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 91
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 92
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 93
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 94
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 95
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 96
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 97
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Packaging Solutions - Packaging under pressure
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 99
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 100
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 101
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 102
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 103
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 104
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - New Product Rollouts - Unveiling ideas
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - New Products
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 107
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Labor - Questioning benefi ts
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Names in the News
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - New Product Showcase
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 111
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 112
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 113
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 114
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 115
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 116
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - Classified Advertising
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 118
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 119
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 120
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 121
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 122
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 123
Meat&Poultry - March 2011 - 124
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