World Grain - July 2014 - (Page 64)

WORLD GRAIN WEATHER REPORT Dryness a concern in I India ndia's monsoonal rainfall was predicted to be lighter than usual this year, but June rainfall has been far lighter than many had anticipated and it has created and rising tide of international concern since all of the nation's crops are dependent on the monsoon for normal production. India's monsoon begins in southern parts of the nation June 1 and advances northward reaching some of the key soybean and groundnut producing areas by mid-June, and then advancing into far northern parts of the nation by July 15. The monsoon then withdraws across the nation from north to south beginning in the second week of September and concluding in early October. During those four months the frequent rains are responsible for supporting the entire summer crop growing season. Failing rainfall in India during the summer can result in widespread production cuts for sugarcane, coffee, citrus, cotton, corn, sorghum, rice, soybeans and groundnuts. There is quite a large pulse crop produced in the nation during the summer and the rains that fall over the four-month period are not only key in developing summer crops, but they also recharge water supply to support winter crops that are largely irrigated. India's economy is heavily weighted on agriculture and it is imperative that its annual rains are sufficient to produce relatively normal crops or they run the risk of an economic decline, as well as inflation issues because of inadequate food supply. In recent years, India has developed a sophisticated food storage program designed to protect the nation from possible agricultural calamities brought on by periodic monsoon fail- 64 by Drew Lerner Monsoonal rainfall has been far lighter than expected, which could impact crop production ures or at least by seriously reduced rainfall. It is well understood that many of the most serious droughts in India have occurred while El Niño events were evolving or under way. El Niño events change rainfall throughout southern Asia reducing sugarcane, rice, rubber tea, coarse grain and oilseed production (among other crops) just like that in India. Droughts in India are serious enough on their own, but if they occur simultaneously with drought in Indonesia, Malaysia and portions of mainland Southeast Asia, the impact can become crippling for a larger part of southern Asia and possible impact the remainder of the world's food stocks. India's monsoon has only failed a few times in recorded history, but in each event the impact was devastating. The food storage programs in place have helped tremendously to buffer a poor summer rainfall year and lower production. But the program would be pushed to an extreme if the monsoon flat out failed to perform at all. Usually, the worst droughts in India occur during an El Niño event while at the same time the water temperature in the western Indian Ocean was cooler than usual. The reduced July 2014 / World Grain /

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of World Grain - July 2014

World Grain - July 2014
Table of Contents
From the Editor-in-chief - E.U.’s fate has role in milling’s future
Calendar of Events
GAFTA Trade & Trends Conference
News Review - Trimex buying Gruma wheat milling business
Cargill expands wheat processing plant in Russia
ACCC reduces regulation at GrainCorp terminal
New rice mill planned for Arkansas
CWB moves to acquire two terminals in June
Australia issues draft code of conduct for ports
ADM announces appointments in Asia-Pacific
ADM completes Toepfer acquisition
Olam, Mitsubishi partner on Australian grain business
Richardson reopens Thunder Bay terminal, doubles capacity
FEFAC calls for policy shift toward innovation
China’s DDG cancellations not GMO related, analysts say
Groups in wheat producing nations support GM wheat
AFIA seeks FDA exemption for animal food
Grain Market Review - Wheat
Country Focus - Canada
Feature - Shifting horizons for global trade
Feature - Seeking Balance
Feature - 2014 Conference & Expo
Next year: Palm Springs
Milling Operations - The complexities of durum milling
Feature - Flour exports forecast to rise
IGC: Record industrial use of grain projected in 2014-15
World Grain Weather Report - Dryness a concern in India
Feature - Keeping Your Facility Odor Free
Feature - Positioning mills for success
North American Supplier Profiles
Supplier News
World Grain Archive
Ad Index/Reader Information Form International Faxback Program

World Grain - July 2014