The Officer - Fall 2016 - 45

Closing the fleet inventory gap The polar regions have generated concern due to climate change altering the shipping lanes. A top Coast Guard priority is ensuring safety. This becomes increasingly difficult as the inventory of Coast Guard ice-breaking vessels (those purposed for rescue and enforcement missions in the polar environment) ages, with budget constraints preventing replacements. The magnitude of the U.S. inventory gap is alarming. Russia has 40 ice breakers, while the United States has only two-and they are old. The United States has not built a new heavy ice breaker in more than 40 years because of cost; a medium ice breaker, USCGC Healy, was commissioned in August 2000. Our fleet comprises the Healy and one heavy ice breaker, USCGC Polar Star; Zukunft is focused on revitalizing the heavy fleet. This is a growing concern because changes in weather patterns and the resulting shifts in ice footprints open and alter sea lanes; the two ice breakers get stretched thin over such a dynamic area of operations. Nonetheless, Zukunft is encouraged at the improved modernization of his fleet. The Coast Guard has commissioned two national security cutters, with two more under construction. The national security cutter is the largest and most technically advanced class of cutter in the Coast Guard fleet; it replaces the aging 378-foot high-endurance Hamilton-class cutters that have been in service since the 1960s. In addition, eight fast-response cutters have been commissioned, with 40 more under contract. Funding also has been approved for offshore patrol cutters and the acquisition of 14 refurbished C-27J Spartan surveillance propjets from retired U.S. Air Force stock. But operations funding is still low. "Despite this tremendous progress in recapitalizing the Coast Guard, challenges remain," the admiral wrote in his 2016 midterm report. "The Coast Guard Reserve has dropped to its lowest level of personnel since the Korean War. As such, we must ensure we are able to maintain steady-state operations while surging to respond to crises, such as a significant increase in maritime migration, a major pollution event, a terrorist threat, a cyberattack and natural disasters. Our nation expects us to be Semper Paratus for these events. We have proven to have the capability and capacity to do so in a singular event but face considerable mission risk in the event of simultaneity across the threat spectrum." In plain English, the commandant was saying that the Coast Guard is unable to perform multiple large missions (events such as environmental disasters) at the same time. Driving home the point in a June address to a Washington think tank, he said simply, "If I have two events at the same time, I am, as I would say, out of Schlitz." U.S. Coast Gaurd photo by Public Affairs Spec. 1st Class Matthew Belson illegally. The Cuban Adjustment Act allows Cubans to become permanent residents after they have been present in the United States for one year. As a result, many migrants go to extreme lengths-even to the point of risking death-to get onto American soil, where they can most often remain. Migrants have been seen shooting and stabbing themselves, drinking bleach and swallowing other hazardous materials. To be prepared during migrant interdiction operations, all members of the Coast Guard must have basic medical knowledge to determine whether migrants should be taken to a hospital in the United States, or if they can be treated on the boat. Most often, illegal Cuban immigrants interdicted on the seas are returned to Cuba. Royal Marine Lance Cpl. Greg Llewellyn, left, and Machinery Technician 3rd Class Matt Liptak of U.S. Coast Guard Law Enforcement Detachment 203 return to base during Operation Iraqi Freedom after conducting a dockside inspection of a 250-foot container ship suspected of oil smuggling with conflicting claims of registry. THE OFFICER / FALL 2016 45

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of The Officer - Fall 2016

ADVERTISERS’ INDEX
PRESIDENT’S COLUMN
OPENING SHOTS
FEEDBACK
CAPITOL HILL CONNECTION
HEARING THE VOICE OF THE RESERVE COMPONENT
WHAT IT MEANS TO ‘FIGHT’ FOR RESERVISTS
HEALTH CARE REFORM
SERVICE MEMBERS LAW CENTER
THE MILLENNIAL RESERVIST
CARING FOR THE CAREGIVERS
ATTEN-SHUN!
SERVICE MEMBERS’ MENTAL HEALTH IS CRITICAL TO READINESS
UNITED STATES COAST GUARD RESERVE
NATIONAL SECURITY REPORT
OFFICE OF THE CHIEF, NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU
OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE FOR MANPOWER AND RESERVE AFFAIRS (M & RA)
ARMY RESERVE
MARINE FORCES RESERVE
NAVY RESERVE
COAST GUARD RESERVE
AIR FORCE RESERVE
RESERVE LIFE
2016 ROA NATIONAL CONVENTION
PROUD TO SERVE
DEPARTMENT AND CHAPTER NEWS
BOOK REVIEWS
STARS FOUNDATION PLAYS A VITAL ROLE IN SUPPORTING RESERVISTS
HELPING DEPLOYED RESERVISTS’ CHILDREN SUCCEED AT SCHOOL
STARS INDUSTRY NEWS
USAA’S CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY GOES ABOVE FOR THOSE WHO GO BEYOND
UNITED CONCORDIA’S ACTIVE DUTY DENTAL PROGRAM HELPS PREPARE RESERVE AND GUARD FOR EARLY ACTIVATION
BOEING’S C-40A CLIPPER JET BRINGS POWER AND SAVINGS TO THE NAVY
STARS BRIEFS
SALVO
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover1
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover2
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ADVERTISERS’ INDEX
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 2
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 3
The Officer - Fall 2016 - PRESIDENT’S COLUMN
The Officer - Fall 2016 - OPENING SHOTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 6
The Officer - Fall 2016 - FEEDBACK
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 8
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HEARING THE VOICE OF THE RESERVE COMPONENT
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 10
The Officer - Fall 2016 - WHAT IT MEANS TO ‘FIGHT’ FOR RESERVISTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HEALTH CARE REFORM
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 13
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 14
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 15
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SERVICE MEMBERS LAW CENTER
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 17
The Officer - Fall 2016 - THE MILLENNIAL RESERVIST
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 19
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 20
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 21
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 22
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 23
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 24
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 25
The Officer - Fall 2016 - CARING FOR THE CAREGIVERS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 27
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 28
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 29
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ATTEN-SHUN!
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 31
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 32
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 33
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 34
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 35
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SERVICE MEMBERS’ MENTAL HEALTH IS CRITICAL TO READINESS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 37
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 38
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 39
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 40
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 41
The Officer - Fall 2016 - NATIONAL SECURITY REPORT
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 43
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 44
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 45
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 46
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 47
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 48
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 49
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 50
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 51
The Officer - Fall 2016 - OFFICE OF THE CHIEF, NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU
The Officer - Fall 2016 - ARMY RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - MARINE FORCES RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - NAVY RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - COAST GUARD RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - AIR FORCE RESERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 2016 ROA NATIONAL CONVENTION
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 59
The Officer - Fall 2016 - PROUD TO SERVE
The Officer - Fall 2016 - DEPARTMENT AND CHAPTER NEWS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 62
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 63
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 64
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 65
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 66
The Officer - Fall 2016 - BOOK REVIEWS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 68
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 69
The Officer - Fall 2016 - STARS FOUNDATION PLAYS A VITAL ROLE IN SUPPORTING RESERVISTS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - HELPING DEPLOYED RESERVISTS’ CHILDREN SUCCEED AT SCHOOL
The Officer - Fall 2016 - USAA’S CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY GOES ABOVE FOR THOSE WHO GO BEYOND
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 73
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 74
The Officer - Fall 2016 - UNITED CONCORDIA’S ACTIVE DUTY DENTAL PROGRAM HELPS PREPARE RESERVE AND GUARD FOR EARLY ACTIVATION
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 76
The Officer - Fall 2016 - STARS BRIEFS
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 78
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 79
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 80
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 81
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 82
The Officer - Fall 2016 - 83
The Officer - Fall 2016 - SALVO
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover3
The Officer - Fall 2016 - Cover4
http://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ROA/g73648_roa_winter17
http://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ROA/g66613_roa_fall16
http://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ROA/roa_winter16
http://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ROA/g52754_roa_summer2015
http://www.nxtbook.com/ygsreprints/ROA/p49818_roa_q12015
http://www.nxtbookMEDIA.com