The Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 36

Benjamin R. Meagher

	 Figure 1
Place Identity and Psychological Well-Being

Positive Affect
.10* (.12)

-.02 (-.04)

Place
Identity

.22** (.26)

Negative Affect

-.23** (-.20)

Psychological
Well-Being

c = .13** (.18)
c 1 = .06 (.09)

.10** (.18)

Autonomy

.05* (.12)

.18** (.14)

.45** (.27)

Self-Regulation

Note. This figure shows regression coefficients for the relationship between place identity and psychological well-being, as mediated
by positive and negative affect, autonomy, and self-regulation, controlling for gender, racial identity, college year, and Big Five traits.
Standardized coefficients are shown in parentheses.

intrapersonal functioning, including self-acceptance, personal growth, and purpose in life).
This analysis revealed that place identity was
positively associated with the latter form of wellbeing specifically, even when controlling for
stable demographic and personality characteristics. Moreover, the mediation model tested in
this analysis found that the effect of place identity on psychological well-being was explained by
three distinct processes: the residents' self-regulatory ability, sense of autonomy, and the frequency of positive affective states. Thus, there
appear to be several positive benefits associated
with this sense of connection to one's housing,
and each provides a potential pathway towards
greater psychological well-being.
36

These findings are notable, as the existing
research investigating the effects of residence
hall architecture on student outcomes has
tended to focus largely on how design can elicit
a greater sense of belonging and community
(Bronkema & Bowman, 2017; Brown et al.,
2019; Easterbrook & Vignoles, 2015; Samura,
2016). Although these designs may be particularly beneficial for enhancing students'
social well-being, the current study suggests
that intrapersonal, psychological well-being is
tied to being able to create a space that reflects
one's identity. Because flourishing is multidimensional, it is valuable to know the potentially distinct ways in which different forms

THE JOURNAL OF COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY STUDENT HOUSING



Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1

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