The Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 67

Professional Identities in Living-Learning Communities

as an engineer, as well as on the qualities cited
by students as being needed in the profession
(Godwin, 2016). In addition to this individual
focus, some studies have centered on the discourse used by students to develop and identify
as engineers in practice or in a societal sense
(Dannels, 2000; Godwin, 2016; Johnston et
al., 1996). As stated by Tonso (2014), global
economic demands, nationality or citizenship, and social and professional institutions
all contribute to the development of engineering identity. This discourse within the body of
knowledge is part of the internal and external
dialogue used by students to form their identities as engineers (Godwin, 2016). Often these
studies have asserted that higher scores on
psychosocial scales suggest a higher association with engineering identity (Godwin, 2016;
Patrick & Borrego, 2016), giving credence to its
connection with IST.

PROBLEM STATEMENT AND
RESEARCH OBJECTIVES
Because of their connection to retention, both
professional and engineering identity warrant
continued investigation by higher education
administrators and engineering educators.
Professional identity and its connection to
retention requires more attention within the
field, while engineering identity in particular
needs to be investigated further in different engineering education contexts (i.e., large public
university or private university, community
college). Neither professional nor engineering identity, to our knowledge, has ever been
investigated in connection to LLCs and their
possible influence on identity development.
Thus, the following research objectives were
established for this study:

1.	 Describe professional and engineering
identities of on-campus students within a
college of engineering.
2.	 Determine if participation in an
engineering-based LLC affects professional
and engineering identity.
3.	 Explore the following differences found
among student groups: ethnicity, firstgeneration college student status, gender,
and entry term.

METHODS
We employed a postpositivist, quantitative,
survey research method to examine our research questions (Creswell & Guetterman,
2017; Phillips & Burbules, 2000).

Participants
A population of 3,993 undergraduate and graduate students who reside in campus housing
and are enrolled in the college of engineering at a large public research university in
the southern United States during the spring
2019 semester were invited via email to participate in this study. An online web-based
survey was conducted via Qualtrics. Using the
Dillman et al. (2009) Tailored Design Method,
a web-based survey recruitment approach, participants were contacted multiple times over
a 6-week period. Specifically, they received an
initial email with an invitation to participate
and were sent five reminders over 6 weeks.
The communications were personalized with
the student's name and major and the name of
their engineering LLC (if applicable). Personalization of recruitment emails to this extent
aids in yielding a larger response rate (Dillman
et al., 2009). A total of 735 responses were collected, resulting in an 18.41% response rate. Of
these responses, 65 (8.97%) did not consent to
V O L U M E 4 7 , NO. 1 * 2 0 2 0

67



Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1

Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - sponsor
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - Cover1
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - Cover2
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 1
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 2
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 3
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 4
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 5
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 6
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 7
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 8
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 9
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 10
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 11
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 12
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 13
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 14
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 15
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 16
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 17
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 18
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 19
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 20
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 21
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 22
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 23
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 24
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 25
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 26
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 27
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 28
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 29
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 30
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 31
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 32
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 33
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 34
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 35
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 36
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 37
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 38
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 39
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 40
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 41
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 42
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 43
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 44
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 45
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 46
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 47
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 48
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 49
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 50
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 51
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 52
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 53
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 54
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 55
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 56
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 57
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 58
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 59
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 60
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 61
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 62
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 63
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 64
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 65
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 66
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 67
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 68
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 69
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 70
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 71
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 72
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 73
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 74
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 75
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 76
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 77
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 78
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 79
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 80
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 81
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 82
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 83
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 84
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 85
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 86
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 87
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 88
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 89
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 90
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 91
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 92
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 93
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 94
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 95
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 96
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 97
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 98
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 99
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 100
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 101
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 102
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 103
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - Cover3
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - Cover4
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol48no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol48no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol42no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol42no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol41no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol40no2
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com