The Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 77

Professional Identities in Living-Learning Communities

	 Table 4
	 Professional Identity Subscales by LLC Involvement
	
		

Knowledge	
M 	 SD	 p 	

Experience	
M 	 SD	 p	

Role Model	
M 	 SD	 p	

Self-efficacy	
M 	 SD	 p	

Preference	
M 	 SD	 p	

M	

Total
SD	 p

LLC involvement
	 Participant	

3.57	0.65	0.78	 2.77	 0.81	 0.15	 3.74	 0.64	0.91	 3.86	0.40	0.64	2.26	0.66	0.75	 3.24	0.43	0.61

	 Nonparticipant	 3.65	0.69		

2.96	0.83		

3.76	 0.65		

3.82	 0.44		

2.29	0.64		

3.30	0.46

	 Total	

2.84	0.81		

3.75	 0.64		

3.88	0.40		

2.26	0.65		

3.26	0.44

3.58	0.68		

	 Table 5
	 Engineering Identity Subscales by LLC Involvement
	

Recognition	 Interest	Perf./Competence	 Total

		

M	

SD	

p	

M	

SD	

p	

M	

SD	

p	

M	

SD	

p

	 LLC involvement
	 Partcipant		
4.60	 1.10	 0.11	 5.17	 1.02	 0.72	4.52	 1.11	 0.66	4.76	 0.92	 0.78
	Nonparticipant		 4.78	 0.97		

5.16	 1.04		 4.51	 1.05		

4.82	0.85	

	 Total		4.73	

5.19	 1.02		

4.82	 0.82	

0.98		

t-tests were run to determine any differences
in the engineering identity subscales means by
LLC participation. Much like the professional
identity subscales, the findings indicated no
statistically significant results.

DISCUSSION AND IMPLICATIONS
Results from this study have a number of
implications for practice and future research
related to engineering education and LLC administration. First, implications are presented
from analysis of the sample, population, and
college representation of student groups.
Next, insights and actions are recommended
based on results of the professional and en-

4.53	

1.05		

gineering identity scales. Finally, LLC-specific
recommendations are made for practice and
research.

Sample Analysis
In most cases, the sample representation was
similar to the representation of the on-campus
population and college-number frequencies
of student groups (i.e., gender, race) (Table
1). Some distinguishable differences were observed in gender, first-generation status, racial
group, and LLC participation. For gender,
the female representation within the sample
(24.65%) was greater than that for the population (21.41%). The overall college representation of females was 22.60%. Therefore,
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Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1

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