The Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1 - 92

Sam Chu * Elsie Li Chen Ong * Albert Chau * Robert Chung

open codes were merged to form higher-order
codes, reducing the overall number of codes.
The codes were then rechecked against the interview text to ensure that they accurately represented the content and were then subsequently
verified by an independent researcher. Data excerpts that embody each theme are presented
in the results section of this paper. Analysis of
the interview data facilitated interpretation of
the quantitative data (questionnaires). In the
transcribed content, all of the elements and perspectives were equally weighted and arranged
into meaningful clusters, invariant themes
were identified within the data, each theme was
described on the basis of the invariant theme,
and the essence and structure of the experiences were described. To facilitate the process
of extracting themes, an overview grid was used
to summarize the main similarities and differences in the data from different focus groups.

RESULTS
Based on the scores for satisfaction with hall
life, participants generally felt content, with
60.6% (n = 742) feeling satisfied, 18.1% (n =
222) very satisfied, and only a minority dissatisfied (2.0%, n = 25) or very dissatisfied (0.7%,
n = 9). However, many participants stated that
the residential experience had adverse influences on them (45.2%, n = 552), as many claimed
that hall life had led to poorer academic performance, and 55.4% (n = 359) said their lifestyle was negatively affected. A slightly smaller
number reported that their physical well-being
(32.8%, n = 212) and their relationships with
friends outside the halls (31.9%, n = 207) were
negatively influenced. The detrimental effects
of the residential experience were less significant on such aspects as relationships with
92

family (27%, n = 176), participation in university activities outside the halls (26%, n = 168),
achievement of personal goals (24.7%, n = 160),
participation in activities outside the university
(23.8%, n = 212), chances of using learning opportunities outside the halls but within the
university (20.8%, n = 135), and psychological
well-being (20.7%, n = 134). In addition, students reported the greatest gain in interpersonal
outcomes relative to academic performance and
personal outcomes. Specifically, when comparing the means of each measure for these three
aspects (academic performance, interpersonal
outcomes, and personal development), the
highest were stronger striving for academic excellence (M = 3.57, SD = 0.975), improved ability
to see things from other views (M = 4.00, SD =
0.715), and improved skills in social communication (M = 3.96, SD = 0.724).
The qualitative data obtained from the interviews were consistent with the results of the
questionnaire, whereby students indicated that
they had gained new perspectives and improved
communication skills. Some reported being
better able to see things from other people's
perspectives because of increased interaction
with peers. International students also reported
a better understanding of the local culture.

Impact of Interactions with Other
Residence Life Stakeholders on
Academic Performance
Comparing different measures of academic
performance revealed the highest means for
stronger drive for academic excellence (M =
3.57, SD = 0.975) and having intellectual stimulation (M = 3.51, SD = 0.890), indicating that
these aspects were the most positively affected
by the residence hall experience (see Table 2).
Relationships with hall mates and interactions

THE JOURNAL OF COLLEGE AND UNIVERSITY STUDENT HOUSING



Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 1

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