Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 74

. . . women report that a shared living experience
in less crowded facilities is most favorable. Conversely,
while men enjoy access to shared spaces, they prefer
more private living accommodations.
Revised from the original Sense of Community Index SCI-1 (Chavis et al., 1986), all
24 items on the Sense of Community Index
version 2, abbreviated as SCI-2 (Chavis et al.,
2008), combined with eight items from the
relationship dimension subscale of Moos and
Gerst's (1974) University Residence Environment Scale (URES), collected data on SOC
and housing type. The word " community "
was intentionally substituted for the word
" dorm " in order to provide more clarity for
the respondents. However, there were a few
instances where " dorm " was merely added
as an adjective to modify the term " community. " For example, " Being a member of this
dorm is a part of my identity " illustrates a
substitution of the word " dorm " for the term
" community, " and " I can trust people in this
dorm community " is an example of the addition of the word " dorm " as an adjective. Participant responses to survey items were based
on a four-point itemized scale: 1 = Not at all;
2 = Somewhat; 3 = Mostly; and 4 = Completely.
On the survey there were six items used to
measure each of the following subscales: reinforcement of needs (RON), membership
(MBP), influence (INF), shared emotional
connection (SEC); the last two subscales,
involvement (INV) and emotional support
(ESP), were each measured across four items
on the instrument.
	
Chavis et al. (2008) reported a Cronbach's alpha for this instrument of 0.94.
Subscales also prove reliable, with internal
consistency alphas that ranged from .79 to
.86 (Chavis et al., 2008). Cronbach's alpha
for the relationship dimension subscale
of the URES is 0.82 (Moos & Gerst, 1974).

Utilization of McMillan and Chavis' (1986)
sense of community theoretical framework
enhanced external validity (Pallant, 2016), as
analytical findings from this study reflected
the broader theory.

Data Analysis
SPSS was used to complete both descriptive and inferential analysis. Preliminary
parametric analysis measured the degree of
linear relationship among dependent variables (as measured by the SCI-2 and URES)
using Pearson Product-Moment Correlation
Coefficient (r), truncated as correlation coefficient (Pallant, 2016). Subsequently, a oneway MANOVA, an inferential technique
used to evaluate the initial hypotheses, analyzed differences in SOC across residence
hall type. To investigate whether a statistically significant interaction effect was present for residence hall design and gender on
SOC, a two-way MANOVA was conducted
representing a 2 (men vs. women) x 3 (corridor-style, suite-style, and campus house)
analysis across the six dependent variables.
Lastly, simple main effects analysis was
conducted to explore the exact nature of the
interactions between the two independent
variable types (each specific hall design and
each gender category) across the six subscales of the SOC construct.

RESULTS
In assessing the participants' network of relationships and connectedness to campus culture through shared community association,
two related outcomes were hypothesized
regarding the influence of student housing

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