Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 75

Community Association

between the membership (MBP) subscale
of the SCI-2 and the emotional support
(ESP) subscale of the URES was moderate
in strength, r = .436, n = 350, p < .005 (see
Table 1). All other results yielded strong,
positive correlations between associated
variables (p < .005, two-tailed), indicating
that high levels of SOC outcomes are associated with higher levels of involvement and
emotional support in relation to residence
hall design.

type and gender on sense of community. Informed by the prior work of Amole (2005),
Devlin et al. (2008), and Kaya and Erkip
(2001), it was expected that significant differences would exist in students' SOC mean
scores based on student housing type and
gender. In consideration of there being a perceivable social interaction balance between
private and shared space, corridor-style student housing type was hypothesized to yield
higher mean SOC scores than were other
student housing types, especially for women.
Before hypothesis testing ensued, intercorrelations among scales were performed.

Inferential Analysis
MANOVA results indicated a statistically
significant difference in the influence of
residence hall design types on the combined dependent variables, F(2, 348) = 2.48,
p < .005; Wilks' Lambda = 0.92; partial eta
squared = .04 (see Table 2). The following
six dependent variables were used: reinforcement of needs, membership, influence, shared emotional connection (derived
from the SCI-2 survey), and involvement

Intercorrelations Among Scales
Correlations among the six subscales of
SOC (reinforcement of needs, membership,
influence, shared emotional connection, involvement, and emotional support) were
positive and statistically significant. Findings indicated that only the relationship

TABLE 1

Pearson Correlations SCI-2 and URES
	

RON	

MBP	

INF	

	RON	

1.000	

.732**	

	
MBP	

.732**	1.000	 .765**	.765**	.528**	.436**

	INF	

.750**	

.765**	

1.000	

.803**	

.531**	

.463**

	SEC	

.785**	

.765**	

.803**	

1.000	

.611**	

.525**

	INV	

.548**	

.528**	

.531**	

.611**	

1.000	

.624**

	ESP	

.511**	

.436**	

.463**	

.525**	

.624**	

1.000

.750**	

SEC	

INV	

.785**	

.548**	

ESP

.511**

** Correlation is significant at the p < .005 level (2-tailed).
Note: N = 350 for all correlations.
Concepts based on Chavis, Lee, and Acosta (2008): RON = reinforcement of needs, MBP = membership,
INF = influence, SEC = shared emotional connection.
Concepts based on Moos and Gerst (1974): The relationship dimension of the URES consists of
INV = involvement and ESP = emotional support.

72

The Journal of College and University Student Housing



Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2

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