Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 77

Community Association

residence design type (particularly when
comparing campus house cases in relation to
corridor-style and suite-style subject counts)
rendered utilizing post-hoc tests ineffective.
Despite concerns over conceptual error rate
and taking into consideration the subjective
nature of such tests, simple main effects
analysis was conducted for the five significant subscales to explore the effect of one
independent variable within one level of a
second independent variable.
	
Simple main effects analysis indicated
that women in campus houses experienced
higher levels of SOC across all subscales
than did men in the same housing type:
reinforcement of needs (p < .010); membership (p < .005); influence (p < .010); shared
emotional connection (p < .005); involvement (p < .005); and emotional support
(p = .013). On the contrary, within the membership and influence subscales, men in

statistically significant; however, the interaction effect between gender and residence
hall design was found to be significant. In
other words, findings from this analysis
suggest that differences in SOC outcomes
are associated with gender and hall design
working in tandem.
	
Significant main effects were also found
for five of the six subscales. Notably, only
the between-subjects effect for emotional
support (ESP) was not statistically significant. Significant interaction effects between
residence hall type and gender were as follows: SCI-2 reinforcement of needs (RON),
F(2, 344) = 4.89, p < .010; SCI-2 membership (MBP), F(2, 344) = 8.48, p < .001; SCI-2
influence (INF), F(2, 344) = 5.42, p = .005;
SCI-2 shared emotional connection (SEC),
F(2, 344) = 5.95, p < .005; and URES involvement (INV), F(2, 344) = 6.01, p < .005 (see
Table 4). However, unequal cases for each
TABLE 4

ANOVA(s) Sense of Community for Gender and Residence Hall Design Type
			
			

	
	

SCI-2 - Reinforcement	
of Needs (RON)

SUM OF		
MEAN			
PARTIAL ETA
SQUARES	 df	SQUARE	 F	
SIG.	SQUARED

4.16	 2	2.08	4.89	.008	.028

	 SCI-2 - Membership	
	(MBP)

7.24	 2	3.62	8.48	.000	.047

	

SCI-2 - Influence (INF)	

4.05	

	
	

SCI-2 - Shared Emotional	
Connection (SEC)

6.50	 2	3.25	5.95	.003	.033

	

URES - Involvement (INV)	

1.15	

	
	

URES - Emotional	
Support (ESP)	

.47	 2	 .23	2.61	 .075	 .015

2	

2	

2.03	

.58	

5.42	

6.01	

.005	

.003	

.031

.034

Note: Concepts based on Chavis, Lee, and Acosta (2008): RON = reinforcement of needs, MBP = membership,
INF = influence, SEC = shared emotional connection.
Concepts based on Moos and Gerst (1974): The relationship dimension of the URES consists of
INV = involvement and ESP = emotional support.
74

The Journal of College and University Student Housing



Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2

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