Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 78

suite-style accommodations reported higher
membership scores than did women: membership (p < .005) and influence (p < .050).
There were no significant differences noted
between genders for students in corridor-style
housing. Graphic representation of these effects is provided in Figure 1. Tests of simple
main effects can be useful in interpreting
interactions. Still, as per reasons previously mentioned, simple main effects results
should be considered suggestive and not
definitive.

DISCUSSION
As hypothesized, a significant difference for
SOC was found for the interaction effect of
residence hall type and gender. These results

support findings from previous researchers.
Particularly, past scholars note that sense of
community is related to the design of the
environment (Bronkema & Bowman, 2017;
Khozaei et al., 2014; Riger & Lavrakas, 1981;
Zaff & Devlin, 1998). Recognizing gender
differences may seem somewhat intuitive,
as " men and women confront aspects of
their development in different ways " (Blimling, 2015, p. 29). Still, while some previous
scholars document influential interactions
in consideration of gender and space (Devlin
et al., 2008; Eshbaugh, 2008; Schoemer &
McConnell, 1970; Scott, 1975; Wang et al.,
2004), findings from this study provide an
update to extant literature by indicating that
gender alone is not significantly associated

FIGURE 1

SOC and Gender Difference Illustration (Simple Main Effects)
DEPENDENT VARIABLES FOR SC1-2/URES

Residence Hall Design Type

					 Shared
		
Reinforcement			Emotional		Emotional
		
of Needs	
Membership	
Influence	
Connection	 Involvement	
Support
		
(RON)	
(MBP)	
(INF)	
(SEC)	
(INV)	
(ESP)

	Corridor-Style	
Men	
Men	
Men	
Women	
Men	
Women
		
Higher	 Higher	Higher	Higher	 Higher	 Higher
		
Mean	 Mean	Mean	Mean	 Mean	 Mean
		
Score	 Score	Score	Score	 Score	 Score
	
Suite-Style	
Men	 Men	Men	Men	 Men	 Men
		
Higher	 Higher	Higher	Higher	 Higher	 Higher
		
Mean	 Mean	Mean	Mean	 Mean	 Mean
		Score	 Score*	 Score*	 Score	 Score	 Score

	
Campus House	
Women	 Women	Women	Women	 Women	 Women
		
Higher	 Higher	Higher	Higher	 Higher	 Higher
		
Mean	 Mean	Mean	Mean	 Mean	 Mean
		
Score*	 Score*	Score*	Score*	 Score*	 Score*

* The mean difference is significant at the p < .05 level.
Volume 47, No. 2 * 2021

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Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2

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