Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 82

to reside in a room with a person regardless
of assigned sex, sexual orientation, gender
identity, or gender expression (The Ohio
State University, 2021)-is fostering similar criticism from multiple social groups. In
response, future studies need to investigate
the difference in sense of community among
single-gender, coeducational, and gender-inclusive hall arrangements. Lastly, it is worth
noting that data collection and analysis for
the present study were done prior to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, so
the conclusions drawn herein may be further
limited if a new normal is substantially different if and when the pandemic subsides.
	
In sum, the researcher proposed and
assessed sense of community (McMillan &
Chavis, 1986) within a residential setting to
determine the influence of design type and
gender on community association. Despite
the need for intentional accommodations
that promote academic and social success

through community association, the field
of scholarly work remains relatively devoid
of current studies central to this topic. As
Dittoe and Porter (2007) comment, " With
declining retention and graduation rates,
education institutions are acknowledging
the importance of creating spaces that appeal to students and foster learning " (p. 26).
Contributing to research on students' sense
of community, the present study provided evidence that student housing type and
gender may be important factors to consider
in residence hall construction in academic
settings. This may be particularly germane
for universities and colleges experiencing
wavering enrollment, retention, and fiscal
security within an ever-competitive college
admissions landscape in the post-COVID-19
pandemic era. Future research, then, should
aim to affirm the importance of both individual and building factors essential in developing community belonging.

*

REFERENCES
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Bishop, B. J., Coakes, S. J., & D'Rozario, P. N.
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Blimling, G. S. (2015). Student learning in college
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Volume 47, No. 2 * 2021

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