Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 97

Residence Halls and Student Belonging

Within their bedrooms, they personalized their space by displaying photos,
rearranging furniture, adjusting the height of beds, moving dressers,
using desk space for purposes other than studying, and personalizing
lighting for functional or decorative purposes.
has also found connections between decorating and personalizing one's residential space
and higher GPAs, lower drop-out rates, and
a smoother transition to college (Hansen &
Altman, 1976; Walsh, 2006).
	
As illustrated by the photo journal data,
students personalized their bedroom space
in a variety of ways. They rearranged furniture to meet their needs, adjusted the height
of their beds to fit their preferences and to
make room for personal items (Figure 3), and
used their desk space for purposes other than
studying. Figure 5 depicts how one student
used her desk as both a bookshelf and laptop station. Figure 6 shows how three roommates configured their room by demarcating
each roommate's personal space. The use of
furniture to manage relationships supports
the results of Amole's (2005) study in which
participants rearranged furniture as a territorial strategy to de-escalate spatial conflicts
with roommates. While our respondents did
not specifically cite this as a strategy to alleviate roommate conflicts, it can be inferred that
these arrangements may have served as physical markers to distinguish personal spaces.

Presentation
The process of shaping a presentation of
themselves can play out in different ways.
Through their selection of items for their
room and bed areas (e.g., artwork, posters,
pillows), participants had some agency in
how they presented themselves and in how
they were perceived by others. For example,
if they hoped their peers viewed them as having financial resources, they may have selected styles of bedding or items associated with

94

The Journal of College and University Student Housing

higher social status (Figure 7). This finding
aligns with Poggio et al.'s (2013) explanation
of personalization as an act of communication, in which observers can decode signs
within a space to gather information about
the possessor.
	
Ironically, the photo of a bedroom that
Natalie submitted (Figure 8) sharply contrasted with the comments she provided on
feeling most comfortable in her room because she does not have to get dressed up
or care how she looks; this photo depicts a
carefully styled bed with pillows fluffed and
arranged and a decorative throw casually
draped across the bed in a way that mirrors
current design catalogs. As Gosling and colleagues affirmed, people alter their spaces to
" broadcast information about themselves "
(2013, p. 279). It is possible that although
students in the present study may have felt
comfortable not displaying themselves a certain way in their rooms, they still may have
decorated or organized their spaces if they
felt their rooms would be showcased to others. For instance, some students may have
staged their bedroom spaces before taking
the photographs, knowing they would have
an audience.
	
The process of presenting themselves
through their bedroom spaces can also express their current or aspirational identities.
For example, Brooklyn submitted a photograph (Figure 9) of her bedroom with decorations relating to Disney. Since college students often live in small, temporary spaces,
they must be selective about what they choose
to bring from home, what to have on display,
and what to add or remove. This creates a



Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2

Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 1
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 2
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 3
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 4
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 5
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 6
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 7
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 8
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 9
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 10
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 11
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 12
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 13
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 14
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 15
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 16
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 17
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 18
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 19
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 20
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 21
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 22
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 23
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 24
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 25
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 26
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 27
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 28
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 29
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 30
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 31
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 32
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 33
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 34
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 35
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 36
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 37
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 38
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 39
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 40
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 41
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 42
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 43
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 44
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 45
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 46
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 47
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 48
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 49
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 50
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 51
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 52
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 53
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 54
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 55
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 56
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 57
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 58
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 59
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 60
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 61
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 62
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 63
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 64
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 65
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 66
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 67
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 68
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 69
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 70
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 71
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 72
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 73
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 74
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 75
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 76
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 77
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 78
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 79
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 80
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 81
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 82
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 83
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 84
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 85
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 86
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 87
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 88
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 89
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 90
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 91
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 92
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 93
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 94
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 95
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 96
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 97
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 98
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 99
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 100
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 101
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 102
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 103
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 104
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 2 - 105
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol48no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol48no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol42no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol42no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol41no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol40no2
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com