Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 3 - 50

variables through effect size calculations (Sriram, 2017). Independent
sample t-tests and one-way ANOVAs
were conducted to determine if there
were any statistical differences between groups.

Sample
After removing incomplete survey
responses, 138 responses were used
for data analysis. The sample was predominantly White (74%) and roughly
evenly distributed between male and
female hiring managers. Approximately two percent of respondents
self-described their gender identity.
Graduate assistants made up 29% of
the sample, and of the full-time professionals, 83% had completed a college student personnel focused master's degree. A majority of participants
worked at public institutions with
15,000 students or more, and 83% had
prior supervisory experience. Table 1
details all demographic variables.

RESULTS
Application Components and
Planning
Descriptive frequencies displayed how
common specific application requirements and selection components were
incorporated across the sample (See
Table 2). It is important to note that
survey participants did not identify
their specific institutions; therefore,
multiple responses from a single institution could be represented in the descriptive statistics. The most common
application requirements were minimum GPA (95%) and conduct checks

TABLE 1

Sociodemographic Characteristics
of Survey Participants
	CHARACTERISTIC	

n	

%

	 Professional status
		 Graduate assistant	
		 Full-time professional	

40	
98	

29
71

	Race
		White	
		 Black or African American	
		 American Indian or Alaska Native	
		Asian	
		 Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander	
		 Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish origin	
		 Other, prefer to self-identify	

102	
20	
1	
3	
1	
5	
6	

74
15
<1
2
<1
4
4

	Gender
		Male	
		Female	
		 Prefer to self-describe	

68	
67	
3	

49
49
2

	 Master's degree focus
		 College student personnel	
		Other	

81	
17	

83
17

	 Institution typea
		 Large public 	
		 Small public 	
		 Large private 	
		 Small private 	
		 Other	

81	
24	
3	
29	
1	

59
17
2
21
<1

	 Resident Assistant staff size
		 0-50 	
		51-100	
		101-150	
		151-200	
		 More than 200	

19	
42	
25	
30	
19	

14
31
19
22
14

	 Prior supervision
		Yes	
		No	

115	
23	

83
17

a All participants were four-year institutions. Small

institutions were classified as having enrollments below
15,000. Large institutions were classified as having
enrollments of 15,000 or more.
Volume 47, No. 3 * 2021

47



Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 3

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