Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol. 47 No. 3 - 54

η2 = .129). Post-hoc Games-Howell test was
used over Tukey HSD due to violating the
test for homogeneity of variances (p = .046),
resulting in the need to interpret Welch's test
for unequal variances. Post-hoc Games-Howell indicated participants from small private
institutions reported a statistically significantly higher influence of interview score

compared to both participants from small
public institutions (p < .001) and large public institutions (p = .028). The difference between small private and large public was a
medium to large effect size (d = .70), and the
difference between small private and small
public represented a larger than typical effect
size (d = 1.12).

TABLE 4

Mean Comparison and t-test for Hiring Influences by Participant Characteristics
	

PROFESSIONAL STATUS	

RACE	

GENDER

Hiring	
Influence	

Pro	 Grad		
M	M	d	

Staff diversity	

4.42	 4.49		

4.35	

4.69	 .44*	

4.48	

4.37	

Group process interactions	

4.39	 4.46		

4.35	

4.57	

4.52	

4.27	

.19

Group process score	

4.18	

4.23	

4.14		

4.35	

4.02	

.24

Essay	

4.01	 3.97		

4.05	 3.86		

3.98	 4.08	

Interview score	

4.07	

3.73	

.32	

3.98	

3.97		

4.12	

3.81	

Leadership experience	

3.75	

4.14	

.44*	

3.86	

3.85		

3.89	

3.84	

Personal interactions	

3.85	 3.76		

3.79	

3.91		

3.88	

3.81	

Advice from peers	

3.87	

3.80	

3.80		

3.85	

3.76	

Reference(s)	

3.60	3.78	.16	

3.57	 3.85	.26	

3.88	 3.43	 .43

Grade-point-average	

3.62	3.43	.15	

3.65	 3.34	.26	

3.52	 3.59	

Resume	

3.47	 3.14	 .21	

3.41	 3.29		

3.11	 3.65	 .34

Current RA staff feedback	

3.34	

3.41		

3.27	

3.60	 .31	

3.14	

3.54	

.36*

Direct supervisor advice	

3.22	

3.54	 .29	

3.23	

3.54	 .28	

3.42	

3.21	

.19

Candidate's social media	

2.56	 3.00	 .32	

2.42	

3.33	 .71**	

2.85	

2.59	

.19

4.27		

3.62	 .25	

White	 POC		
Female	Male
M	 M	 d	
M	 M	 d

.18	

.31

Note. Only Cohen's d values of .15 or greater are reported. Pro= full-time professional, Grad = graduate assistant,
POC = participant of color. *p < .05, **p < .001.

Volume 47, No. 3 * 2021

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