Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 48, No. 2 - 83

TABLE 4
ProQOL Score by Residence Building Style
BUILDING STYLE
High Rise (2)
Pre-test
Compassion
Satisfaction
Post-test
Compassion
Satisfaction
Pre-test
Burnout
Post-test
Burnout
Pre-test
Secondary
Trauma
Post-test
Secondary
Trauma
19.2
36
5.8
21.7
66
6.4
20.9 13
6.6
20.8
115
6.3
21.8
35
7.7
25.4
63
8.1
22.9
8
5.4
24.0
106
7.9
37.6
24.9
22.2
36
35
36
7.5
5.4
4.7
39.0
25.8
23.8
66
63
66
5.7
7.4
5.2
38.6 13
22.5
8
22.4 13
4.2
3.8
6.0
38.5
25.4
23.1
115
106
115
6.1
6.6
5.2
40.5
35
6.9
40.8
63
5.5
39.4
8
4.7
40.6
106
5.9
Low Rise (10)
M N SD M N
Suite-Style (2)
SD M N
Total
SD M N
SD
low-rise building type), and post-Suite (ProQOL post-test and suite building type) were
formed. Then, a one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was conducted to compare
the sub-group ProQOL scores (e.g., compassion satisfaction, burnout, and secondary
traumatic stress) of the RA by type of building, which means residence hall. As shown
in Table 5 (see page 84), significant differences were found in the scores for burnout,
F(5, 215) = 2.55, p < .03, and secondary traumatic stress, F(5, 215) = 4.08, p < .00. Comparisons
related to the type of residence hall did not show significant differences in
compassion satisfaction, F(5, 215) = 1.57, p < .17, from any of the groups.
Post-hoc tests are necessary in the event of a significant ANOVA result. The results
of the ANOVA indicate that there are differences among residence halls. To determine
how these differences are reflected in the ProQOL score of the pre- and post-test,
Tukey's HSD (post-hoc) test was conducted.
The Tukey HSD test revealed that the post-test burnout score of RAs living in the
high-rise residence hall (M = 22.2, SD = 4.7) was lower than the pre-test burnout score
of those living in the low-rise residence hall (M = 26.0, SD = 7.4). Moreover, the posttest
secondary traumatic stress scores of RAs living in the high-rise residence hall
Volume 48, No. 2 * 2022 83

Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 48, No. 2

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