Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 89

Designing an LLC for LGBTQ+ Students
LGBTQ+ students face can include coming out or being out in their residential spaces
(Evans & Broido, 1999; Fanucce & Taub, 2010; Kortegast, 2017) and navigating
issues with roommates and housing assignments (Kortegast, 2017; Pryor, 2018),
often complicated by the absence of supportive roommates, residential staff, and structures
meant specifically to support LGBTQ+ students (Evans & Broido, 1999, 2002).
At the level of basic needs, negative experiences in-residence can impact LGBTQ+
students' sense of safety and well-being (Blakmon et al., 2020; Fanucce & Taub, 2010;
Nicolazzo & Marine, 2015; Pryor & Hoffman, 2020; Pryor et al., 2016). At a developmental
level, negative residential experiences can also diminish their sense of belonging
and community which, in turn, are key contributors to student success ( Kuh et al.,
2005; Pascarella & Terenzini, 2005).
Living-learning communities (LLCs) provide a potential alternative to generalized
housing for LGBTQ+ students. LLCs are high-impact educational practices that are
" designed to bridge students' academic and non-academic lives and address specific
learning foci " (Spanierman et al., 2013, p. 310). Given their holistic nature and their
capacity to address the learning needs of specific student populations, LLCs can play a
role in positively shaping college students' experiences (Brower & Inkelas, 2010) and
can serve as affirming, communal spaces for LGBTQ+ students in particular (Yosso &
Lopez, 2010). As such, LLCs can advance important student outcomes related to student
success, including developing a sense of belonging and community (Inkelas &
Weisman, 2003; Rowan-Kenyon et al., 2007; Spanierman et al., 2013; Wawrzynski
et al., 2009). Despite these benefits and calls to leverage LLCs for the enrichment of
historically underserved and marginalized student populations, there is little discourse
on LLCs that addresses sexual and gender identity and expression and few existing
LLCs specifically dedicated to that task.
The purpose of this study is to explore what an LLC would look like for LGBTQ+
students by asking them what they want and/or need. The study was guided by the
following research questions:
1. What factors need to be considered in developing an LLC supporting LGBTQ+
students?
2. What resources and support structures are needed to develop an LLC for
LGBTQ+ students?
With these findings and considerations, practitioners can make data-driven decisions
for how to support LGBTQ+ students in residential spaces.
CAMPUS CLIMATE AND SUPPORT FOR LGBTQ+ STUDENTS
To understand why designated on-campus spaces for LGBTQ+ students are important,
we must acknowledge issues of campus climate. As Preston and Hoffman (2015)
noted, most colleges and universities are traditionally heterogendered, meaning the
institution has historically privileged cisgender norms and heteronormativity. As such,
86 The Journal of College and University Student Housing

Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1

Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 1
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 2
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 3
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 4
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 5
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 6
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 7
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 8
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 9
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 10
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 11
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 12
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 13
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 14
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 15
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 16
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 17
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 18
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 19
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 20
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 21
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 22
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 23
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 24
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 25
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 26
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 27
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 28
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 29
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 30
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 31
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 32
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 33
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 34
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 35
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 36
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 37
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 38
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 39
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 40
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 41
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 42
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 43
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 44
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 45
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 46
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 47
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 48
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 49
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 50
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 51
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 52
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 53
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 54
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 55
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 56
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 57
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 58
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 59
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 60
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 61
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 62
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 63
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 64
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 65
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 66
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 67
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 68
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 69
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 70
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 71
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 72
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 73
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 74
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 75
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 76
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 77
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 78
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 79
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 80
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 81
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 82
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 83
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 84
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 85
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 86
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 87
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 88
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 89
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 90
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 91
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 92
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 93
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 94
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 95
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 96
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 97
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 98
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 99
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 100
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 101
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 102
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 103
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 104
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 105
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 106
Journal of College & University Student Housing Vol 49, No. 1 - 107
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol48no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol49no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol48no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol48no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol42no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol42no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol41no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol40no2
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com