Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 28

Design and Depression
College residents' satisfaction with their private residential space
is the most predictive of low levels of depression. . . . This finding
suggests that investing in quality residences may have a higher return
on investment than other amenity-type spaces within residence hall
architecture, especially in the context of unpredictable social stressors
like the COVID-19 pandemic.
associated with reduced depressive symptoms: private residential, F(1, 91) = 7.62,
p = 0.007; campus social, F(1, 93) = 5.51, p = 0.021. The association between satisfaction
with residential hall social spaces and depression did not reach significance
(p = 0.052), although it shares the trend with the other two areas. The linear regression
with life satisfaction and all three areas of satisfaction entered as predictors showed
that residents' satisfaction with their private residential space had the strongest
negative association with depression (╬▓private residential = -0.22; ╬▓campus social = -0.17;
╬▓residential hall social = -0.01). Further, environmental satisfaction with their private
residential area has a negative and partially significant (p = 0.060) effect on depressive
symptoms, after including life satisfaction as a covariate and controlling for
other area satisfaction. See Table 3 for the detailed multiple regression output.
TABLE 3
Regression Results Examining the Relative Importance of Satisfaction with
Different Areas on Depression
Predictor
b
(Intercept)
Life satisfaction
Campus social spaces
Private residential spaces
Residential hall social spaces
-0.29**
-0.17
-0.22
-0.01
[-0.49, -0.09]
[-0.37, 0.04]
[-0.46, 0.01]
[-0.25, 0.22]
0.005
0.108
0.060
0.906
R2 = .245**
95% CI[.07, .36]
Note. A significant b-weight indicates that the beta-weight and semi-partial correlation are also significant.
beta indicates the standardized regression weights. LL and UL indicate the lower and upper limits of a
confidence interval, respectively.
** indicates p < .01.
b
95% CI
[LL, UL]
p
Fit
Volume 50, No. 2 * 2024 25

Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2

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