Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 30

Design and Depression
College residents' satisfaction with their private residential space is the most predictive
of low levels of depression. Importantly, room satisfaction remains a relevant
predictor for lower depression levels even when considering the influence of life satisfaction
on depression. This finding suggests that investing in quality residences may
have a higher return on investment than other amenity-type spaces within residence
hall architecture, especially in the context of unpredictable social stressors like the
COVID-19 pandemic.
LIMITATIONS
There are several limitations to this study. First, the project has an underwhelming
sample size. Recommendations for future studies would be to follow best practices for
recruiting student-participants. The timing of the pandemic and the move off campus
likely influenced the low response rate. In addition, gender was the only demographic
information collected in the survey, limiting any further analysis of how living conditions
influence different social groups and the ability to ensure that the sample is
representative of the target population. Further, it would be interesting to know from
Cohort 1 if living in the suite-style housing or an apartment makes a difference. However,
we did not collect this detailed housing information. Larger sample sizes and
more detailed housing conditions would help us understand and explore differences
among the subgroups.
There are many other factors that might lead to differences in college students'
well-being than the change in housing environment. For instance, in addition to the
pandemic, police brutality caused nationwide emotional turmoil and a turbulent societal
movement (Fruehwirth et al., 2021). This might have negatively impacted students'
well-being, especially during the summer of 2020, when Cohort 1 was surveyed. Another
factor is that each cohort completed the survey after the semester ended, when they
were no longer living in student housing. Students in the older residential facilities
experienced much of the school year living on campus before the pandemic hit. Students
in the new neighborhood lived under strict physical distancing and operational
guidelines. Even though the environmental context was defined by their residential
setting on campus, the actual context within which they took the survey was different.
Even though this study was completed during the atypical conditions of the pandemic,
therefore limiting the scope of the study, this empirical research contributes to the
field by tracking and investigating how a well-designed built environment can alter the
well-being of college residents during a challenging time.
The depression level of first-year students who lived
in the new neighborhood for a year is significantly lower
than that of first-year peers who lived in the
old residential facilities for a year.
Volume 50, No. 2 * 2024 27

Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2

Table of Contents for the Digital Edition of Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2

Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 1
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 2
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 3
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 4
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 5
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 6
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 7
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 8
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 9
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 10
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 11
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 12
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 13
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 14
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 15
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 16
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 17
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 18
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 19
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 20
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 21
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 22
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 23
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 24
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 25
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 26
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 27
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 28
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 29
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 30
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 31
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 32
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 33
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 34
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 35
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 36
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 37
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 38
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 39
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 40
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 41
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 42
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 43
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 44
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 45
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 46
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 47
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 48
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 49
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 50
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 51
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 52
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 53
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 54
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 55
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 56
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 57
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 58
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 59
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 60
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 61
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 62
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 63
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 64
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 65
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 66
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 67
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 68
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 69
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 70
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 71
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 72
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 73
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 74
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 75
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 76
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 77
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 78
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 79
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 80
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 81
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 82
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 83
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 84
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 85
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 86
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 87
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 88
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 89
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 90
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 91
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 92
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 93
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 94
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 95
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 96
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 97
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 98
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 99
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 100
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 101
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 102
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 103
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 104
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 105
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 106
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 107
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 108
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 109
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 110
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 111
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 112
Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 113
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol50no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol50no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol50no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol49no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol49no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol48no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol49no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol48no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol48no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/acuho-i/acuho/journal_vol47no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol46no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol45no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol44no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol43no1
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol42no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol42no3
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol41no2
https://www.nxtbook.com/nxtbooks/acuho/journal_vol40no2
https://www.nxtbookmedia.com