Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2 - 31

Design and Depression
CONCLUSION
Living in the new living-learning neighborhood was associated with lower levels of depressive
symptoms in first-year students, supporting the role of the built environment
in enhancing college student mental health. This emphasizes the importance of designing
student housing with mental health in mind. Both female and male first-year
students experienced changes in depression levels based on living conditions. Understanding
gender-related preferences in housing design can create a more comfortable
environment for all students and enhance their sense of belonging. One recommendation
for practitioners is to design student housing facilities with mental health in
mind, as the built environment can play a significant role in college students' mental
health, especially during times of high need for counseling and clinical resources.
These findings provide valuable insights for college and university administrators and
decision-makers in housing planning, emphasizing the need to prioritize private residential
spaces and address gender-related preferences. By creating more supportive
living environments, higher education institutions can contribute to students' mental
health and overall well-being. 
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Journal of College & University Student Housing Volume 50, No. 2

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