Crop Insurance Today Second Quarter 2020 - 21

Planting Progress: 2019 Acres Planted as a Percent of Previous 5 Year Average

19

19

7/
7/
20

/2
0

19
6/
30

/2
0

19
6/
23

/2
0

19
6/
16

19

6/
9/
20

19

6/
2/
20

/2
0

19
5/
26

/2
0

19
5/
19

/2
0

19
5/
12

19

5/
5/
20

Progress in PCT Planted

19
20
9/
6/

19
6/

2/

20

9
/2
26
5/

01
/2
19
5/

01

9

9
5/

12

/2

01

19
5/

01
/2
28
4/

20

9

9
01
/2
21
4/

01
/2
14
4/

4/

7/

20

9

6/

23

/2

01

9
01
/2

20
9/

16
6/

6/

6/

2/

20

9
01
/2

5/

26

01
19

/2

01
/2
12

5/

20
5/
5/

01
/2

01

28
4/

/2

01

21
4/

20

/2
14
4/

01
/2

7/
4/

5/

Progress, 5 Year Avg in PCT Planted

9

0
19

0
19

20

19

20

9

40

9

40

19

60

9

60

9

80

9

80

19

100

9

100

31

2019 Spring Wheat, Excl Durum

%
120

5/

2019 Cotton

Progress in PCT Planted

Progress, 5 Year Avg in PCT Planted

Progress in PCT Planted

Progress, 5 Year Avg in PCT Planted

Progress in PCT Planted

3/

/2
0

19
/2
0
4/
21

/2
0
6/
23

/2
0
6/
16

6/
9/
20

6/
2/
20

/2
0
5/
26

/2
0

/2
0

5/
19

5/
12

5/
5/
20

/2
0
4/
28

/2
0

/2
0

4/
21

4/
14

4/
7/
20

19

0
19

0
19

20

19

20

19

40

19

40

19

60

19

60

19

80

19

80

19

100

19

100

%
120

2019 Soybeans

%
120

2019 Corn

%
120

4/
28

Fig. 14

Progress, 5 Year Avg in PCT Planted

Source: USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service, Crop Progress Report https://www.nass.usda.gov/Quick_Stats/Lite

moved to make numerous enhancements to
Livestock Revenue Protection, Livestock Gross
Margin, and the Dairy Revenue programs, allowing more farmers to participate and insure
a greater amount of their risk exposure. And
as part of their annual efforts, RMA expanded
several county crop programs for fruit, vegetable, and specialty crops addressing producer
requests for wider availability of coverage.
As 2019 was ending, RMA moved to allow
greater flexibility in establishing enterprise or
optional units for following another crop (FAC)
and not following another crop (NFAC) practices
pertaining to both grain sorghum and soybeans.
These new options added to the choices farmers
have in tailoring coverage to their own unique
farm operations.

2019 Prevented Planting

In past editions of this review, the planting
progress section has provided an overview of
how farmers were able to manage timely seed-

ing of major crops when faced with variable and
often adverse weather conditions. Conditions in
2019 were particularly difficult. Because of the
widespread nature of prevented planting losses
in the Midwest and the severity of these losses,
this issue of Year in Review will provide a more
in-depth assessment of the prevented planting
situation in 2019.
Before winter could end and spring begin,
extreme weather events began to occur and they
continued throughout the 2019 growing and
harvesting season, causing many crop insurance
industry veterans to declare the year one of the
most challenging ever experienced. An early
March flooding season in the Midwest devastated many farm stored grain structures, most of
which were full, or in some cases still being filled,
from the 2018 harvest. This affected the finish of
2018 claims handling and RMA acted to implement emergency procedures to address situations
where stored production could not be measured
or where crops still in the field ultimately became

adulterated and could not be harvested. The extreme March flooding in the Midwest was only
the beginning of what became one of the wettest
springs on record, leading to the most prevented
planting acres ever recorded in the history of the
Federal crop insurance program.
The extreme moisture conditions disrupted
planting activities across much of the nation's
cropland. Farmers were slow to get crops in the
ground as fieldwork was hampered throughout
April. For example, by the end of April, only 15
percent of farmers' intended corn planted acreage was in the ground (Figure 14). By comparison, it was the slowest early season planting since
2013 when only five percent of the crop had been
sown, and considerably below the five-year average of 27 percent. Soybean early plantings also
fell behind, eight points below last year and its
five-year average rate. By June 2, soybean planting was 40 percent off the five-year average with
only 39 percent of intended acreage planted.
Wet conditions in May, made worse by an
CROPINSURANCE TODAY®

21


https://www.nass.usda.gov/Quick_Stats/Lite

Crop Insurance Today Second Quarter 2020

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Crop Insurance Today Second Quarter 2020 - Cover3
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https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/54-1
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/53-4
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/53-03
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/53-02
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/53-01
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/52-04
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/52-03
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/52-02
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/52-01
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/51-04
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/51-03
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/51-02
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/51-01
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/50-04
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/50-3
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/50-2
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/50-1
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/49-4
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/49-3
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/may2016
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/february2016
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/november2015
http://www.brightcopy.net/allen/cint/september2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/may2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/february2015
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/november2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/september2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/may2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/february2014
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/november2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/august2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/may2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/february2013
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/november2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/august2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/may2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/february2012
https://www.nxtbook.com/allen/cint/44-4
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