Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine 23-2 - 1

contents
table of

April 2020 VOL. 23, NO. 2

Instrumentation
& Measurement
I&M society web site

features
Present and Future of High-Temperature Superconductor 	
Quantum-Based Voltage Standards

4

Practical Aspects of a Pulse Generator Calibration	

13

I&M Applications for Educational Purposes	

21

	

Underwater Bioinspired Sensing: New Opportunities to 	
Improve Environmental Monitoring

30

	

How Thirsty the Crops Are: Emerging Instrumentation for 	
Plant-Based Field Measurement of Water Stress

37

	

Beyond Pure Sensing: IEEE 21450 in Digitalization of the 	
Development Cycle of Smart Transducers

47

Enhancing the Frequency Stability of National Time Scale Using EMD	

53

	 Inverse Algorithms-Powerful Tools to Improve Measurement Systems	

61

	

Towards Standardization of Electroporation Devices and Protocols	

74

	

Why Smart Metrology is No Longer Optional	

82

	

Coins as Measure of Size	

88

	

Compressive Sensing and Sub-Nyquist Sampling	

94

	 Autonomous Underwater Vehicles: Instrumentation and Measurements	

105

	

http://imm.ieee-ims.org

-Alexander M. Klushin, Jérôme Lesueur, Marian Kampik, Felix Raso, Andrea Sosso,
Sergey K. Khorshev, Nicolas Bergeal, François Couëdo, Cheryl Feuillet-Palma, Paolo Durandetto,
Michal Grzenik, Krzysztof Kubiczek, Krzysztof Musiol, and Artur Skorkowski

I&M magazine web site

http://ieee-ims.org/publications/im-magazine

editor-in-chief

	

Bruno Andò
Associate Professor
DIEEI - University of Catania
Catania, Italy
bruno.ando@unict.it

-Martin Hudlicˇ ka, Marco A. Azpúrua, and Murat Celep

	

-Raul Ionel, Septimiu Mischie, Daniel Belega, Liliana Mât¸ iu-Iovan, and Ciprian Dughir

associate editor-in-chief

-Jeffrey A. Tuhtan, Saptarshi Nag, and Maarja Kruusmaa

Wendy Van Moer
wendy.w.vanmoer@ieee.org

senior editorial assistant

Dinko Oletic and Vedran Bilas

Kristy Virostek
virostek5@verizon.net

-Tobias Mitterer and Hubert Zangl

I&M editorial board

Bruno Andò
Wendy Van Moer
Max Cortner
Salvo Baglio
Shervin Shirmohammadi
Mark Yeary
Kristen Donnell
Ruqiang Yan
Chi Hung Hwang
Veronica Scotti
Charles Nader
Lee Barford
Kevin Bennet
Richard Davis

	

-Aly I. Mostafa, Gihan G. Hamza, and Abdelhalim Zekry
-Tamás Dabóczi

managing editor

Beverly Lindeen
blindeen@allenpress.com

-Aleksandra Cvetkoska, Eva Pirc, Matej Reberšek, Ratko Magjarevic´, and Damijan Miklavcˇicˇ
-Jean-Michel Pou and Laurent Leblond
-Gerald Artner

-Roi Arie, Avraham Brand, and Shlomo Engelberg

-Pedro José Bernalte Sánchez, Mayorkinos Papaelias,
and Fausto Pedro García Márquez

advertising sales manager

Douglas Swindler
Project Manager, Naylor Association Solutions
+1352-333-3481
DSwindler@naylor.com

on the cover:
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To all Companies, please send your
"New Products" information for possible
inclusion in the IEEE I&M Magazine to:
Robert M. Goldberg
1360 Clifton Ave. PMB 336
Cifton, NJ 07012, USA
E-mail: r.goldberg@ieee.org

columns
	
	
	

Editorial	2
Guest Editorial	
3
Future Trends in I&M	 71

	
	

Life After Graduation	 87
Legal Metrology	 102

departments
	
	

Calendar	46
New Products	 115

	
	

Society Officers	 120
TC List	 Inside Back Cover

IEEE INSTRUMENTATION & MEASUREMENT MAGAZINE: (ISSN 1094-6969) (IIMMF9) is published bimonthly by The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc. Headquarters: 3 Park Avenue, 17th Floor, New York, NY 10016-5997 +1 212 419 7900. Responsibility for the contents rests upon
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April 2020	

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Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine 23-2

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