Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine 23-6 - 21

Fig. 5. (a) A photo of the all-polymeric generating touchpad; (b) Its characteristic diagram.
[2]	 R. Taymanov and K. Sapozhnikova, "What makes sensor devices
and microsystems 'intelligent' or 'smart'?" in Smart Sensors and
MEMs, 2nd Ed. Cambridge, MA, USA: Woodhead Publishing,
2018.
[3]	 O. Kanoun, T. Keutel, C. Viehweger, X. Zhao, S. Bradai, S. Naifar,
C. Trigona et al., "Next generation wireless energy aware sensors
for internet of things: a review," in Proc. IEEE 2018 15th Int.
Multi-Conference on Systems, Signals and Devices (SSD), pp. 1-6,
2018.
[4]	 J. Vetelino and A. Reghu, Introduction to Sensors. Boca Raton, FL,
USA: CRC Press, 2017.
[5]	 V. De Luca, P. Digiamberardino, G. Di Pasquale, S. Graziani et
al., "Ionic electroactive polymer metal composites: fabricating,
modeling, and applications of postsilicon smart devices," J.
Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics, vol. 51, no. 9, pp. 699-734,
2013.
[6]	 G. Di Pasquale, S. Graziani, A. Pollicino, and C. Trigona,
"Performance characterization of a biodegradable deformation
sensor based on bacterial cellulose," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.,
vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 2561-2569, May 2020.
[7]	 "The Story of New Technology Found in the United States,"
TechnoScape LLC. [Online]. Available: http://technoscape.
cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2015/08/mems-9326.html.
[8]	 "MEMs and Sensors," Yole Développement. [Online]. Available:
http://www.yole.fr/2014-galery-MEMS.aspx.

Fig. 6. Picture of a bacterial cellulose based device used as a sensing
element.

[9]	 "Guide to Greener Electronics," Greenpeace. [Online].

The previous discussion clearly shows that physical sensors will continue playing their role of enabling elements in
the evolution of modern society, which will use smart systems even more. New electronics are required which will be
available thanks to multidisciplinary research efforts and technology implementation. Finally, it is necessary to develop a
more comprehensive characterization of sensing systems that
includes a clear estimation of their environmental footprint.

[10]	C. Trigona, A. Algozino, F. Maiorca, B. Andò, and S. Baglio,

Available: https://www.greenpeace.org/usa/reports/greenerelectronics-2017.
"Design and characterization of piezomumps microsensors
with applications to environmental monitoring of aromatic
compounds via selective supramolecular receptors," Procedia
Engineering, vol. 87, pp. 1190-1193, 2014.
[11]	C. Trigona, B. Andò, and S. Baglio, "Design, fabrication, and
characterization of BESOI-accelerometer exploiting photonic
bandgap materials," IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. 63, no. 3, pp.
702-710, 2014.

References

[12]	B. Andò, S. Baglio, N. Savalli, and C. Trigona, "Cascaded

[1]	 M. Haseeb, H. I. Hussain, B. S´lusarczyk, and K. Jermsittiparsert,

"triple-bent-beam" MEMS sensor for contactless temperature

"Industry 4.0: a solution towards technology challenges of

measurements in nonaccessible environments," IEEE Trans.

sustainable business performance," Social Sciences, vol. 8, no. 5, 2019.

Instrum. Meas., vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 1348-1357, 2011.

September 2020	

IEEE Instrumentation & Measurement Magazine	21


http://technoscape.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2015/08/mems-9326.html http://technoscape.cocolog-nifty.com/blog/2015/08/mems-9326.html http://www.yole.fr/2014-galery-MEMS.aspx https://www.greenpeace.org/usa/reports/greener-electronics-2017 https://www.greenpeace.org/usa/reports/greener-electronics-2017

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